lecture 1 - Determinism vs Free will Determinism the...

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Determinism vs Free will Determinism: the assumption that everything happens has a cause or a determinant in the observable world Dualism: holds that the mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and therefore the rest of the body Monism: favored by nearly all brain researchers. Holds that conscious experience is inseparable from the physical brain “the mind is what the brain does” Recent research: using brain scanning technology predicted with 80 percent accuracy which one of eight possible mental tasks someone was doing (reading peoples thoughts With either dualism or monism there is a tough question: For dualism: if the mind and brain are separate types of substances, how do they interact? Why do physical events cause mental events and vice versa? For monism: how does mental experience emerge from brain activity? Nature vs. Nurture What in human behavior and mental life is genetically fixed (nature) and what is the result of the personal experiences we go through in life (nurture)?
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