Module 8.3

Module 8.3 - Module 8.3 Language Productivity: the ability...

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Module 8.3 Language Productivity: the ability to combine our words into new sentences that express an unlimited variety of ideas Languages have this property Chomsky = linguist Transformational grammar: a system for converting a deep structure into a surface structure Deep structure = underlying logic or meaning of a sentence Surface structure = sequence of words as they are actually spoken or written Whenever we speak we transform the deep structure of the language into a surface structure Chimps who can use hand gestures used symbols almost exclusively to make requests, not to describe and rarely in original combination A human child with a vocabulary of 100 words or so links them in short sentences and frequently uses words to describe Bonobos were better than chimps Williams syndrome: a genetic condition characterized by mental retardation in most regards but skillful use of language Language ability is not the same as overall intelligence Language acquisition device (language instinct):
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course 830 201 taught by Professor Leyton during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Module 8.3 - Module 8.3 Language Productivity: the ability...

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