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Unformatted text preview: Ex. Monkey experiment: they were given a toy and liked to play with it. Then the toy was put over food. They began playing with it less. It had become work and not play . Known as the: Overjustification effect: when people receive more extrinsic motivation than necessary to perform a task their intrinsic motivation declines Hierarchy of needs: (proposed by Maslow) an organization from the most insistent needs to the ones that receive attention only when all others are under control Self actualization: the need for creative activities to fulfill your potential (at the top of the pyramid) People who satisfy more of their higher needs tend to be mentally healthier than others However, under certain circumstances, almost any need can take priority over another This theory is also culture specific People differ on how well they defer gratification (choose the action that produces the bigger payoff later instead of the smaller pleasure now...
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- Spring '08