Chapter 16.2

Chapter 16.2 - Chapter 16. 2 Wetlands, Salt Marshes, and...

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Chapter 16. 2 Wetlands, Salt Marshes, and Mangrove Swamps I.a. Some coastal areas have great biological productivity : plant growth, spawning grounds for fish, shellfish, and other organisms I.a. Wetlands : rich coastal marsh environments that can support rich wildlife habitats and vegetation/ saturated with water enough of the time to support hydrophytic vegetation , plants that grow in water or wet soil I.a.i. Occur on poorly drained soils, along coastlines, as northern bogs (peatlands with high water tables), potholes in prairie lands, cypress swamps (standing or gently flowing water), river bottomlands and floodplains, and as arctic/subarctic environments that experience permafrost I.a. Coastal Wetlands I.a.i. Two types- salt marshes and mangrove swamps: I.a.i.1. Salt marshes : tend to form north of 30th parallel, usually form in estuaries or behind barrier beaches and spits I.a.i.1.a. Accumulation of mud produces site for growth of halophytic (salt-tolerant) plants--> traps additional alluvial
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Chapter 16.2 - Chapter 16. 2 Wetlands, Salt Marshes, and...

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