Communication Sp 11'

Communication Sp 11' - Communication 18:09 Communication...

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Unformatted text preview: Communication 18:09 Communication and Me – Why Study Communication? 1. Native/Personal theories Examples – Ability to identify a family photograph What is a native theory? What do we use them for? We use personal theories to describe, explain, and predict a familiar scenario that we come across. Control how others will see you on the photograph Some characteristics of native theories Based on experience Take it for granted Expectations for familiar phenomenon Private Stable, unlikely or difficult to change 2. Scholarly theories Characteristics of scholarly theories Based on systematic observation & testing Questioned / studied Public Validity – is it accurate? Reliability – consistency, can you replicate that same result Utility – are they useful enough Subject to modification Scholarly theories search for systematic ways to study communicative behavior in order to Describe Explain (Sometimes) Predict (Sometimes) Control Native/Personal theories about communication Appearance is communicative 3. What do we mean by communication? “One cannot not communicate” (Paul Watzlawick) Different emphases of different definitions Characteristics of communication Communication is a process Essential for individuals, relationships, groups, organizations and societies Involves creating and responding to messages (symbol or collection of symbols that has meaning or utility) Message reception – process of interpretation; how we attend to, attach significance to, and use messages A way of relating to the environment and other people. Coordinate actions with others Definition – 126 definitions of communication; Information passed from one place to another; Procedures by which one mind affects another; Transmission of information, ideas, emotions & skills via symbols ; Transmission of a message from a source to a receiver with conscious intent to affect the latter’s behavior; Human communication is the process through which individuals in relationships , groups , organizations , and societies [respond to and create messages] and create and use information to relate to the environment and one another. Problems with definitions – Are definitions objective or neutral? (Objective) Question the author, the recipient of the definition, and the goal of the definition. Language of definitions Use communication (language) to define communication Sound “objective” or “scientific” 4. Communication as an academic discipline Sociology Psychology Anthropology Communication & Liberal arts Philosophy of language, linguistics Literary theory Communication & the professions Law Medicine Business Communication 18:09 What do we do via communication?What do we do via communication?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course 189 101 taught by Professor Liberman during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Communication Sp 11' - Communication 18:09 Communication...

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