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Unformatted text preview: THE INDIAN THE INDIAN CULTURE Neel Patel & Julia Nan SPEECH
• Languages: Hindi – dialects (Gujarati, Marati, Tamil, etc.)
English in the south and urban areas
• Writing System: symbolic alphabet based on syllables MATERIAL TRAITS
• Food Habits: herbs/spices, rice/wheat/lentils
• Shelter: houses build with concrete foundation & brick walls small towns have 1 or 2 story houses
cities have multistory/highrises (apartments/smallflats), in dry/sunny areas – chowks (open space in center of house) & terraces in rainy areas – slanted roofs MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
• Transportation: Traditional walking, palanquins for rich/noble, bicycles, hand
pulled rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, trams
Local buses, auto rickshaws, taxis, metro rails, motorcycles, automobiles, utility vehicles Long Distant railway, int’l trains, aircrafts, ships/boats MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
• Dress: Women – Sari (a long sheet of colorful cloth with patterns draped over a simple or fancy blouse) Choli long skirt. Men – Kurta (loose shirt falling either above or below the knees) Sherwani (long coatlike garment worn over a kurta) MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
MATERIAL TRAITS cont.
• Utensils/Tools: cooking: pauniperforated spoon meant for frying, tandoorcylindrical clay oven cooked over charcoal/wood, idli cookerstainless steel container which makes cooking idlis
• Weapons: machine guns, nuclear missiles, rifles, pistols, revolvers
• Occupations/Industries: rural areasfarming, fishing. urban areas , IT related, banking, textiles. retail, hospital and medicine ARTS
• Longest continuous legacy of jewelry
• Sculptures and cliff painting
• TAJ MAHAL (Seven Wonders of the World)
• Music – folk, pop, and classical
• Dances – classical, folk MYTHOLOGY/SCIENTIFIC MYTHOLOGY/SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
• Mythology – dominantly Hinduism, polytheistic The Hindu Trimurti three Gods: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. • Scientific Knowledge – similar to major countries around the world such as USA, Russia, China, Japan, and Great Britain; such as nuclear technology and medicine. Ritual Forms
• Offerings of flowers, fruits, etc.
• Going to Temples
• Chanting of Prayers Treatment of Sickness and Death
Treatment of Sickness and Death
• Sickness is treated with the way of Ayurveda Sickness is caused by the inbalance of Dosha Herbs and diet plans are used
• The dead is cremated
the eldest son performs the ritual ash is thrown into river Marriage and Gender Roles
Marriage and Gender Roles
• Arranged marriage based on horoscope and position in the caste system
• Marriage is usually life long
• Male is the leader of family
• Female is the supporting role Child Rearing and Education
Child Rearing and Education
• Children grow up in loving family
• Children learns to be obedient to parents
• Physical punishment is socially acceptable
• Education consists of 8 year of elementary school, 4 years of secondary education, and 5 year of college Government
• The Union Government
• Created under the Constitution of India
• The government comprises three branches:
1. the Executive
2. the Legislative 3.the Judiciary Law and Punishment
Law and Punishment
• Capital punishment is still practiced in India
• Death penalty is carried out by hanging
• Defendants can appeal sentence Social Classes
• Caste system:
Kshatriya (rulers, warrior)
Shudra (artisan, farmers)
Harijans (untouchables). Caste system maintains social order •
BIBLIOGRAPHY Bateman, Alexis. "Child Rearing Beliefs & Practices in Indian Culture." EHow.com. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ehow.com/list_6657442_childbeliefspracticesindianculture.html>
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"Health and Health Care of Asian Indian American." Stanford University. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/asianindian.html>. "Hindu Way of Life." Mailerindia.com. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://mailerindia.com/hindu/>. "India." Encyclopedia Britannica Online Encyclopedia . Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India/46443/Dailylifeandsocialcustoms>. "Indian Cooking Utensils – Kitchens of India." Kitchens of India Feast for Senses | A Culinary Journey through India. 2008. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.kitchensofindia.com/connoisseurs_utensils.asp>.
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"Transport in India." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_India>.
"Yahoo! Answers What Are Common Occupations in India?" Yahoo! Answers Home. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://ph.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100712031239AAqkHH1>. ...
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- Spring '11