THE INDIAN CULTURE (2) - THE INDIAN THE INDIAN CULTURE Neel...

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Unformatted text preview: THE INDIAN THE INDIAN CULTURE Neel Patel & Julia Nan SPEECH SPEECH • Languages: Hindi – dialects (Gujarati, Marati, Tamil, etc.) ­ ­English in the south and urban areas • Writing System: symbolic alphabet based on syllables MATERIAL TRAITS MATERIAL TRAITS • Food Habits: herbs/spices, rice/wheat/lentils • Shelter: houses build with concrete foundation & brick walls ­small towns have 1 or 2 story houses ­cities have multistory/high­rises (apartments/small­flats), ­in dry/sunny areas – chowks (open space in center of house) & terraces ­in rainy areas – slanted roofs MATERIAL TRAITS cont. MATERIAL TRAITS cont. • Transportation: Traditional ­ walking, palanquins for rich/noble, bicycles, hand­ pulled rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, trams Local ­ buses, auto rickshaws, taxis, metro rails, motorcycles, automobiles, utility vehicles Long Distant ­ railway, int’l trains, aircrafts, ships/boats MATERIAL TRAITS cont. MATERIAL TRAITS cont. • Dress: Women – Sari (a long sheet of colorful cloth with patterns draped over a simple or fancy blouse) Choli­ long skirt. Men – Kurta (loose shirt falling either above or below the knees) Sherwani (long coat­like garment worn over a kurta) MATERIAL TRAITS cont. MATERIAL TRAITS cont. • Utensils/Tools: cooking: pauni­perforated spoon meant for frying, tandoor­cylindrical clay oven cooked over charcoal/wood, idli cooker­stainless steel container which makes cooking idlis • Weapons: machine guns, nuclear missiles, rifles, pistols, revolvers • Occupations/Industries: rural areas­farming, fishing. urban areas , IT related, banking, textiles. retail, hospital and medicine ARTS ARTS • Longest continuous legacy of jewelry­ making • Sculptures and cliff painting • TAJ MAHAL (Seven Wonders of the World) • Music – folk, pop, and classical • Dances – classical, folk MYTHOLOGY/SCIENTIFIC MYTHOLOGY/SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE • Mythology – dominantly Hinduism, polytheistic The Hindu Trimurti ­ three Gods: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. • Scientific Knowledge – similar to major countries around the world such as USA, Russia, China, Japan, and Great Britain; such as nuclear technology and medicine. Ritual Forms Ritual Forms • Hinduism • Offerings of flowers, fruits, etc. • Charity • Going to Temples • Chanting of Prayers Treatment of Sickness and Death Treatment of Sickness and Death • Sickness is treated with the way of Ayurveda ­ Sickness is caused by the inbalance of Dosha ­ Herbs and diet plans are used • The dead is cremated ­ the eldest son performs the ritual ­ ash is thrown into river Marriage and Gender Roles Marriage and Gender Roles • Arranged marriage based on horoscope and position in the caste system • Marriage is usually life long • Male is the leader of family • Female is the supporting role Child Rearing and Education Child Rearing and Education • Children grow up in loving family • Children learns to be obedient to parents • Physical punishment is socially acceptable • Education consists of 8 year of elementary school, 4 years of secondary education, and 5 year of college Government Government • The Union Government • Created under the Constitution of India • The government comprises three branches: 1. the Executive 2. the Legislative 3.the Judiciary Law and Punishment Law and Punishment • Capital punishment is still practiced in India • Death penalty is carried out by hanging • Defendants can appeal sentence Social Classes Social Classes • • • • • • • Caste system: Brahman (priests) Kshatriya (rulers, warrior) Vaishya (merchants) Shudra (artisan, farmers) Harijans (untouchables). Caste system maintains social order • • • • • • • • • • • • BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY Bateman, Alexis. "Child Rearing Beliefs & Practices in Indian Culture." EHow.com. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ehow.com/list_6657442_child­beliefs­practices­indian­culture.html> "Category: Weapons of India." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Weapons_of_India>. "Health and Health Care of Asian Indian American." Stanford University. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/asianindian.html>. "Hindu Way of Life." Mailerindia.com. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://mailerindia.com/hindu/>. "India." Encyclopedia ­ Britannica Online Encyclopedia . Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India/46443/Daily­life­and­social­customs>. "Indian Cooking Utensils – Kitchens of India." Kitchens of India ­ Feast for Senses | A Culinary Journey through India. 2008. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.kitchensofindia.com/connoisseurs_utensils.asp>. "India Education." Education in India ­ Schools, Colleges, Universities . Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.indiaedu.com/education­india/>. "India's Caste System." Home ­ CSU, Chico. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://www.csuchico.edu/~cheinz/syllabi/asst001/spring98/india.htm>. Majumder, Sanjoy. "India and the Death Penalty." BBC News ­ Home. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2586611.stm>. Patel, Rajendra R. "Indian Culture." Personal interview. 2 Mar. 2011. "Transport in India." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_India>. "Yahoo! Answers ­ What Are Common Occupations in India?" Yahoo! Answers ­ Home. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. <http://ph.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100712031239AAqkHH1>. ...
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