psyc - 6 . The ego contains our partly conscious...

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6 . The ego contains our partly conscious perceptions, thoughts, judgments, and memories. As the ego develops as we grow up, we learn how to cope with the real world. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain. The largely conscious, “executive” part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. For example, I was deciding if I should return the dollar I borrowed from my friend. My id told me that I should keep the money because it only a dollar anyways. My superego told me that I should return the dollar to her because it's the right thing to do. My ego decided from those two opinions and I returned the dollar. 7. Defense mechanisms are the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality. There are six defense mechanisms. Repression is to banish of anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. Regression is to retreat to a more infantile psychosexual stage where some psychic energy remains fixated. Reaction formation is the ego unconsciously makes unacceptable impulses look like their opposites. Projection is to disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to other. Rationalization is to unconsciously generate self-justifying explanations to hide from ourselves the real reasons for our actions.
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course CHIN 252 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Ahsanullah University of Sci & Tech.

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psyc - 6 . The ego contains our partly conscious...

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