Lesson 6 PSYC1001A v3 - sv

Lesson 6 PSYC1001A v3 - sv - Chapter 6 Learning PSYC 1001A...

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Table of Contents Chapter 6 Learning PSYC 1001A – Intro Psych Fall, 2010 Peter Aubin, PhD
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Table of Contents How do we learn? Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Changing directions in the study of conditioning Observational Learning Lecture Overview 2 Behaviour in everyday life - exercise
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Table of Contents How do we learn Learning: relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes resulting from practice or experience Conditioning: process of learning associations between environmental stimuli and behavioral responses Learned versus innate behaviours Psych 1001 Fall, 2010
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Table of Contents CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Learning Objectives Describe Pavlov and Watson’s contributions to our understanding of learning. Explain how stimulus generalization and discrimination affect learning. Describe the processes of extinction and spontaneous recovery. Identify an example of higher-order conditioning. What`s Pavlov’s classical conditioning experiment Psych 1001 Fall, 2010 4
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Table of Contents Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning: learning that occurs when a brand new stimulus (neutral) comes to elicit a response that it is not naturally associated with (conditioned stimulut) Salivate to a bell Ivan Pavlov 5
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Table of Contents Pavlov’s Original Experiment 6 Psych 1001 Fall, 2010
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Table of Contents Classical Conditioning Key concepts Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Neutral stimulus Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR) 7 Psych 1001 Fall, 2010
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Table of Contents Psych 1001 Fall, 2010 Classical Conditioning--Key Terms Neutral Stimulus (NS): before conditioning doesn’t naturally elicit response of interest Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): elicits UCR without previous conditioning Unconditioned Response (UCR): unlearned 8
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Table of Contents Classical Conditioning--Key Terms Conditioned Stimulus (CS): previously NS that, through repeated pairings with UCS, now causes a CR Conditioned Response (CR): learned reaction to a CS occurring because of previous repeated pairings with an UCS 9
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Table of Contents Psych 1001 A, Summer, 2010 10
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Table of Contents Everyday conditioning Phobias: spiders, speaking in public, … Positive emotions: Advertizing Physiological: immune suppression, allergies, drug tolerance, sexual arousal Drug tolerance Compensatory stimuli Cues associated with routine (context) Expectation homeostasis Psych 1001 Fall, 2010 11
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Table of Contents 12 Psych 1001 A, Summer, 2010 Farming
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Table of Contents Classical Conditioning: More Terminology Trial = pairing of UCS and CS Acquisition = initial stage in learning Stimulus contiguity = occurring together in time and space What is the best timing Simultaneous conditioning: CS and UCS begin and end together Short-delayed conditioning: CS begins just before the UCS, end together Trace conditioning: CS begins and ends before UCS is presented 13 Psych 1001 Fall, 2010
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