HIST 21 SECOND PT 1 - Lecture #2 6/20/2011 Help Desk...

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Lecture #2 6/20/2011 Help Desk Blackboard 949 451 5696 IVC Technician Course-smart --------> Civil War era- think in terms of war itself secession of Southern from Northern pursuing diff perspectives- slavery- developed during War Reconstruction- tumultuous period- racial violence uncertainties- North and South unify Congress vs President number of amendments passed- extremely significant- radical for time period decades- implemented 13-15 Amendments 1865-1877 diff conceptions period of US- rebuild itself after the Secession of South rebuild itself as a nation- conceptual sense emerging nation- fore prior to Civil War- United States- are a republic remain independent and pluralistic after Civil War---> is a republic Americans began to see themselves- unified nation vs collective participating states history- two different things 1. group of events that occurred in past, can’t go back to change them 2. knowledge of those events mainly, events can’t be changed. .. knowledge of events- does change learn about past- changes the way we understand what happened new methods---> e.g. genetic evidence---> comprehend historical past E.g. Hatshephut ---> mummy in tomb ---> woman pharaoh---> no real way to prove it genetic evidence---> female pharaoh---> traced relatives What is the Difference? history- not available to all historians
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= knowledge is present and available through archives, artifacts, archaeological sites, & history books - knowledge of history is a type of discourse history= Events + knowledge historical evidence history- unique discipline both a science (aspect wise) and interpretative humanities - empirical discipline : uses the scientific method everything can have a history disciplines---> basis of historical knowledge history- empirical discipline (e.g. natural sciences) rely on observations---> hypothesis---> testing with evidence hard to experiment---> measure the evidence. .. things that are produced- tell us about time period- primary sources trying to understand them- scientific in that sense historians- ultimately know the past itself problem- no direct access to past indirect access to past---> artifactual research look at past objectively rely on the artifacts FACT and INTERPRETATION fact- description of an event or action that we generally agree is true ased on given evidence - JFK shot and killed in Dallas in November 1963 - wheat and barley were main food of the ancient Assyrians fact- evidence that shows Newer evidence--> facts may change historians once thought that. .. --> cotton--- bred in Africa and later migrated to South America grown independently in South America facts are not always permanent primary goal- gather the facts ---> particular period---> let facts speak for themselves what is problem with that?
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HIST 21 SECOND PT 1 - Lecture #2 6/20/2011 Help Desk...

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