SOC 1 EIGHTH - 7/14/2011 Chapter 8 Constructing Difference...

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7/14/2011 Chapter 8 Constructing Difference Social Deviance What is Deviance? - take normal behavior- norms---> outside of realm--- considered deviants - - crime- one where we are most familiar with How do people become deviant? Who gets to define what is and is not deviant? what are the identified consequences of being identified as deviant by others? talk about behaviors- combination of factors--> societies--->? individual--- desires, personal, action oriented vs me--- society, experiences ---> combination of factors I and Me- filter what is socially appropriate - complicated by deviants outside of what society is based-- social behaviors-- outside norms Deviance- behavior (how people act), ideas (how people think), or attributes (how people appear) that some people in society- though not necessarily all people- find of- fensive, wrong, immoral, sinful, evil, strange, or disgusting engaged in deviant behavior? - how many? - - - everyone engages in deviant behavior - - - - outside of the norms----> strange thing about that- norms--- outside of the norms - - - - - - deviance- normal deviance- “normal” thing - commits by everyone at some point in time breaking the rules at some point in time deviance- normal tend to obey the rules in society more break the rules 1% of the time , but follow rules as laid out by society There are three steps for being deviant:
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expectations, or break those expectations 1. some behavioral expectation is held 2. violation of the normative behavioral expectation 3. societal reaction to the deviance ... violate---> observe the responses obtained story of malfunctioning customer--- coerce into an acceptable position expectations about how we should behave understanding- react in way unexpected. ..? One perspective: Absolutism: approach to defining deviance that rests on the assumption that all human behavior can be inherently good or inherently bad absolutist approach. .. some behaviors good, while others bad sociology- understand absolutist approach XXX reality defines in different ways, different times, different places e.g. 21---> alcohol okay 8:30 am, drinking. ..? -- circumstance changes how we see things An alternative Approach: relativism: approach to defining deviance that rests on assumption that deviance is so- cially created by collective human judgments and ideas the same act committed at different times, or under different circumstances can be con- sidered deviant or not. Examples: killing someone else in self defense :) not so. . :( - same outcomes, but different circumstances - - don’t kill, but some circumstances to kill Theoretical Perspectives: Structural Functionalism: Functions of deviance:
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- affirms cultural values and norms “Strain theory” functionalist---> stability deviance- function---> not just break rules--- XX bad thing to society always deviance affirms values and norms? deviant--- reaffirm values???= HOW?
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SOC 1 EIGHTH - 7/14/2011 Chapter 8 Constructing Difference...

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