MIT24_120s09_lec08 - MIT OpenCourseWare http:/ocw.mit.edu...

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MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 24.120 Moral Psychology Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms .
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24.120 MORAL PSYCHOLOGY RICHARD HOLTON VIII Strength of Will: Descriptive Issues AINSLIE S EIGHT MARKS OF THE WILL 1. A new force in addition to desires etc. 2. Throws its strength on the weaker side. (or perhaps it can ) 3. Unites actions under a common rule. (?) 4. Strengthened by repetition 5. Very vulnerable to nonrepetition 6. Requires no diversion of attention 7 Doesn’t normally depend on each single choice, except where stakes are very high. 8. Tendency of failure in one sphere to spill into others is variable. WHY DO WE EXHIBIT WEAKNESS OF WILL ? Exponential and Hyperbolic discounting. $100 now or $120 in a year’s time; $100 in ten year’s time or $120 in eleven year’s time. From pigeons to people (though non-humans are not good at delaying reward). Hyperbolic discounting is, in some sense, irrational. Hyperbolic discounting is probably also involved in what we might call
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course PHIL 201H1F taught by Professor Derekallen during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.

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MIT24_120s09_lec08 - MIT OpenCourseWare http:/ocw.mit.edu...

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