3_phaedo - 1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae...

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1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae Langton I. Plato Lecture 3. The Phaedo 1. The Recollection Argument. Cebes notes that more support for the cyclical doctrine comes from ‘the theory that [Socrates is] always putting forward, that our learning is actually nothing but recollection ’. This section of the dialogue (72e-77d) argues for the theory of Forms, and for the thesis that knowledge of the Forms is recollection. Socrates uses the recollection thesis to support a conclusion about the immortality of the soul. 1. The Forms. ‘There is something equal—I don’t mean a log to a log, or a stone to a stone… but some further thing beyond all those, the equal itself’ (74a) (i) Existence . We know what it is for two things to be equal to one another. What we have knowledge of must exist. Therefore Equality exists. (ii) Distinctness from particulars . Particular things are equal from one point of view, unequal from another. Equality itself cannot be equal from one point of view, unequal from another. Therefore Equality is something other than the particular things. (74c) (iii) Distinctness from particulars , again . Particular things we perceive fall short of Equality. Equality itself cannot fall short of Equality. Therefore Equality is something other than the particular things. (74d,e)
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course PHIL 201H1F taught by Professor Derekallen during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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3_phaedo - 1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae...

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