4_phaedo - 1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae...

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1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae Langton I. Plato Lecture 4. The Phaedo 1. Socrates’ reply to Simmias (91d ). Simmias had raised the possibility that the soul is a kind of harmony or attunement, analogous to that of the lyre, in some sense distinct from the body (wood, strings), fine, ‘akin to the divine’, but nonetheless dependent on the body (wood, strings) and unable to survive the body’s destruction. Socrates reminds Simmias of the Recollection argument, which Simmias accepts: although that argument implies only that the soul pre-existed, not that it is eternal, it nevertheless conflicts with the harmony theory (92b) since the soul pre-existed without a body . A second reason for thinking the analogy with the lyre does not hold: the soul directs, controls, the body, whereas the harmony is directed by, controlled by, the wood and strings (94c). 2. Socrates’ reply to Cebes. Cebes had objected to Socrates’ argument with the analogy that soul may be to body as weaver is to cloak: a weaver is stronger and more durable than his cloak, but nonetheless some cloak can outlast the weaver; and likewise with the soul and body. Socrates’ reply takes the rest of the entire discussion. Cebes’ question ‘calls for a through inquiry into the whole question of the reason for coming-to-be and destruction’ (96a), an inquiry which again draws together an argument about the Forms, and an argument for immortality. 3.
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4_phaedo - 1 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae...

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