16_enquiry - 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof Rae Langton IV Hume Lecture 16 Humes Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding(contd 1 Reminder

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof. Rae Langton IV. Hume Lecture 1 6 . Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (contd.) 1. Reminder: Relations of Ideas and Matters of Fact. Hume argues, in effect (though not quite with these labels) that all propositions divide neatly between these two. If a proposition expresses a relation of ideas, it is knowable a priori , it is necessarily true, and it is true in virtue of the meanings of the ideas. If it expresses a matter of fact, it is knowable a posteriori , contingent , and not true simply in virtue of the meanings of the ideas. ‘All bachelors are unmarried’ expresses a relation of ideas; ‘there is at least one bachelor’ expresses a matter of fact. 2. How do we know matters of fact? Much of our knowledge of matters of fact goes well beyond the evidence of what we immediately perceive, or remember perceiving. When it is asked, ‘What is the nature of all our reasonings concering matter of fact? The proper answer seems to be, that they are founded on the relation of cause and effect. When again it is asked, What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning that relation? it may be replied in one word, Experience. But if we still carry on our sifting humor, and ask, What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience? this implies a new question… As to past experience, it
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course PHIL 201H1F taught by Professor Derekallen during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Page1 / 2

16_enquiry - 24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy Prof Rae Langton IV Hume Lecture 16 Humes Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding(contd 1 Reminder

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online