Unformatted text preview: tasks—with a risk of 23.2 times worse than driving while not using a phone (3). The NHTSA reported that 5,870 persons died (16 percent of all fatalities) and an estimated 515,000 individuals were injured in police-reported crashes involving driver distraction in 2009 (15). In efforts to decrease accidents both fatal and non-fatal, 31 states and the District of Columbia have adopted bans on texting while driving (Appendix 1)....
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- Text messaging, NHTSA, National Highway Traffic, Naturalistic Driving Studies