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Unformatted text preview: differing by what they take to be valuable ( Axiology ), include: Utilitarianism , which holds that an action is right if it leads to the most happiness for the greatest number of people. (Historical Note: Prior to the coining of the term "consequentialism" by Anscombe in 1958 and the adoption of that term in the literature that followed, "utilitarianism" was the generic term for consequentialism, referring to all theories that promoted maximizing any form of utility, not just those that promoted maximizing happiness.) Hedonism , which holds that an action is right if it maximizes pleasure amongst people. the relationship between the individual and the state...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course GOVT 1615 taught by Professor Hendrix,b during the Spring '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).
- Spring '06