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BURKE SHORT other philos

BURKE SHORT other philos - differing by what they take to...

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Deontology argues that decisions should be made considering the factors of one's duties and other's rights. Some deontological theories include: Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative , which roots morality in humanity's rational capacity and asserts certain inviolable moral laws. The Contractarianism of John Rawls or Thomas Hobbes , which holds that the moral acts are those that we would all agree to if we were unbiased. Natural rights theories, such that of Thomas Aquinas or John Locke , which hold that human beings have absolute, natural rights. Consequentialism (Teleology) argues that the morality of an action is contingent on the action's outcome or result. Consequentialist theories,
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Unformatted text preview: differing by what they take to be valuable ( Axiology ), include: ▪ Utilitarianism , which holds that an action is right if it leads to the most happiness for the greatest number of people. (Historical Note: Prior to the coining of the term "consequentialism" by Anscombe in 1958 and the adoption of that term in the literature that followed, "utilitarianism" was the generic term for consequentialism, referring to all theories that promoted maximizing any form of utility, not just those that promoted maximizing happiness.) Hedonism , which holds that an action is right if it maximizes pleasure amongst people. the relationship between the individual and the state...
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