CC Study Guide - PLATO REPUBLIC JUSTICE Simonides(6 Each...

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PLATO, REPUBLIC JUSTICE Simonides (6) Each get what he’s owed Thrasymachus (14) Might makes right Advantage of the stronger The established rule Socrates (31) Soul’s virtue Harmony “We aren’t aiming to make any one group outstandingly happy but to make the whole city so, as far as possible.” (95) COMMUNITY Women and men equal,including in combat. (125) Children raised in a rearing pen. (125) No wages for rulers. Incest between brothers and sisters allowed. (134) Execution of mentally ill. (136 No Greek slaves. (144) CITY Rank is created by nature gold, silver, bronze and iron. City will be ruined if it has an iron or bronze guardian. State’s role is to put people in their places. (91). Education critical “To put it brie y, those in charge must cling to education and see that it isn’t corrupted …” (99) “Meddling and exchange between these three classes [craftsmen, soldiers, guardians], then, is the greatest harm that can happen to the city …” (109) THE CAVE “[T]he prisoners would in every way believe that the truth is nothing more than the shadows of those artifacts.” Socrates to Adeimantus (515c) TYPES OF GOVERNMENT Just kingdom (Kallipolis) : philosophers rule. Timarchy (Sparta) : Lovers of honor rule (from time honor and kratia power). Spirited: war, victory and honor, not justice. 548. Oligarchy: Rich rule. Rich: meddling and movement from class to class, not justice. 552. Democracy: People rule. People: extreme slavery follows from extreme freedom/power. 564. (See Ring of Gyges). Tyranny: One person rules. One: con ict between tyrant/baby and people/parents. Tyrants — least just — enslaved by desires and fear of their subjects. Kingdoms and dynasties are a blend of these forms of government. People ruled by one of three parts: Rational learning, philosophical. Spirited anger, vain, honor-loving.
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Appetitive pleasure, love, appetites plus power can lead to madness and tyranny. Examples: eros, drunkenness, matricide. 573b-c. ARISTOTLE, NICOMACHEAN ETHICS Everyone has their own destiny “Man” has a speci c purpose different from other people: women, slaves, etc., who are impaired. f People are not equal: aristocracy is natural. “find the middle”(1109a,24-5) Avoid extremes HAPPINESS Slaves cannot be happy because they cannot be virtuous X.7: 1177a2-22. Animals cannot be happy because they cannot be contemplative X.8: 1178a20-1179a11. Virtuous activity Happiness is an end(pg.193/31), pursued for itself. The happy life is virtuous and can be enjoyed by anyone, regardless of status. The contemplative life (full of reason) is the happiest--those living it are wise and dear to the
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course COCI C1102 taught by Professor Tarikamar during the Spring '11 term at Columbia College.

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CC Study Guide - PLATO REPUBLIC JUSTICE Simonides(6 Each...

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