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Afghanistan133 (1) - Kabul and Herat Afghanistan’s...

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Afghanistan Juncture of 3 major cultural areas: Central Asia, Middle East, South Asia Shares borders with: Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan
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Afghanistan’s population Ethnically, linguistically diverse Pashtuns (50%) Tajiks (30%) Uzbeks, Turkmens, Turkmen, Kyrgyz, Kazakh (10%)
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Afghanistan—Music History: Court music and Radio Moghul Empire (16th-18) Moghul court at Kabul Afghan court life 19th c.- early 20th Pashtuns, political elite, enjoyed: Persian classical poetry, N. Indian art music court musicians brought from India, court music reaches zenith in 1920s 1920s-1930s: Afghan art music
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Afghanistan—20th c. musical life (before 1978) 20th c. music indispensable at celebrations and entertainments small city theaters tea houses spring fairs 1960s became customary to hold evening concerts during the holy month of Ramadan in cities such as Kabul and Herat
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Unformatted text preview: Kabul and Herat Afghanistan’s “Endless War” Afghanistan since 1978 1978 Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan takes control 1979 US military funding of Mujahadeen 1979-1989 Soviet occupation 1992 Communist regime topples 1996-2001 Taliban, Al-Qaeda, civil war Afghanistan - Music in the turbulent late 20th century 1978: civil war politicization of music ◦ music powerful tool of Communist regime many musicians became refugees ◦ Afghan refugees in Pakistan produced audio recordings of protest songs, songs about the war 1992: collapse of Communist regime Afghan rubab “National Afghan Instrument” Afghan rubab : short-necked, fretted lute with a deep body, 3 main strings, and variable number of sympathetic strings Tabla tabla: Indian pitched drum pair ◦ widely used in urban settings...
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