03-PlantFoods

03-PlantFoods - 1 Plant Foods Fire & Cooking...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Plant Foods Fire & Cooking Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent is a region in Western Asia. The region is often considered the cradle of civilization, saw the development of many of the earliest human civilizations, and is the birthplace of agriculture, writing and the wheel. Seeds as Foods Plants embryonic material with food 10,000 years ago, the beginning of Agriculture The main component of seeds is starch which supplies the average person 60% of their daily calories (energy). Grains & legumes account for more than 2/3 of dietary protein in the average persons diet 2 Seeds Grains cereals are all plants from the grass family. They produce many tiny dry fruits (grains). Legumes are plants that bear several seeds in a pod. Can be eaten as a vegetable before drying Nuts comprise a category that includes the seeds of fleshly or one seeded fruits Grains Over 8,000 species in the grass family Cereals- wheat, barley, rice, millet, sorghum, rye & oats The Big 3: wheat, rice, corn Wheat Wheat used for human consumption & some Wheat used for human consumption & some extent for livestock feed and seed extent for livestock feed and seed Developed from a type of wild grass of Asia Developed from a type of wild grass of Asia Minor Minor Cultivation originated in 10,000 B.C. making Cultivation originated in 10,000 B.C. making it the oldest cereal crops it the oldest cereal crops 8 "Whole grains consist of the starchy endosperm, germ and bran. 3 9 The milling process involves several rounds of grinding and sifting off coarse particles Wheat Grains Crushed or milled wheat (flour) Milling (Grinding) Wheat to Make Flour 10 Milling Early mills used two horizontal, disk-shaped stones that rubbed, and later turned, against each other. Grain was poured between the two stones and a sliding or turning action was used to grind the grain. Some mills used human labor to turn the stones. Horses, oxen, and then water and wind were used to turn the top millstone against the bottom stone, with the grain being fed in between the stones. The Romans are believed to be the first to use waterpower for milling flour around 100 B.C. Windmills were developed much later--in France in 1180 A.D., in England in 1185 A.D., and in Syria in 1190 A.D. Wooden blades later replaced sails of stretched cloth. 11 Bread Flat breads can be made from flour and water leavened by steam (wheat, corn, barley) Raised bread first made in Middle East 6,000 years ago (added yeast) Wheat is special in its ability to make raised bread (This has to do with its dough forming proteins) Egypt 1200 BC The ancient bread making process 4 13 Thomas Jefferson The first American Foodie Corn or Maize Maize known in many English speaking countries as corn , is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerican in prehistoric times. The Aztecs and Mayans cultivated it in numerous varieties throughout central and southern Mexico.and southern Mexico....
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03-PlantFoods - 1 Plant Foods Fire & Cooking...

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