04-Lecture+on+test1 - Flavor & Beverages Aromas and...

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Unformatted text preview: Flavor & Beverages Aromas and Gods “Aromas are an invisible, intangible presence. “ aroma (odor, smell) To cultures that knew nothing of molecules and odor receptors, this ethereal, penetrating quality suggested a realm of invisible beings and powers” Taste Pungency Attraction of Spices in Antiquity Compounding Ointments and Perfumes (Thebes 1500 BCE) 1. Magical rites and spells 2. Purification ceremonies and embalming 3. Fragrances and perfumes Assistants crush dried herbs with pestle and mortar (1,2,3,4). 4. Flavoring and condiments Crushed herbs are added to a bowl of molten fat, stirred (5) and shaped into balls upon cooling (6). 5. Food Preservation 6. Curatives, aphrodisiacs, vermafuges 7. Poisons Spices were used in early Egypt as aromatic body ointments and pomades. Special jars probably containing spiced wine, a useful solvent because of alcohol. Content is siphoned and filtered into a bowl (7). At extreme left an assistant shapes a piece of wood beneath a bowl heaped with unguents (8). 1 5 Premier Spices natural Flavors (Aromas) Mostly Derived from plants Herbs: Plant Leaves Spices: Bits of dry seed bark, and Root McGee Page 386 Flavorings are Defensive Chemical weapons of the Plant Highly Potent world Can be Toxic Highest concentrations in young plants For Foods we “Dilute” Ancient Spice Trade 1000 BCE evidence of early trade between E gypt and China The campaign of Alexander the Great in northern India in 326 BC led to increased botanical knowledge concerning spices and herbs. Trade between Middle East and India increased under Roman rule: route from India to Red Sea to Egypt, down the Nile to Alexandria and then to Greece and Italy via the Mediterranean Sea. Spices important part of Roman revenue 2 Middle Ages (500-1500 AD) Commerce between Europe and East limited Moslem Arabs controlled the spice trade Venice became great power and controlled the Adriatic and grew rich based on its trade with the east Marco Polo (1254-1324) Venetian visited the Kublai Khan in China and brought back secret source of spices Describes Silk Road and seas routes to India Plague outbreaks in 14th century increased value of spices Zheng He (1405-1433) Spices were in demand in medieval Europe to mask the unpleasant odor and taste of decomposing food. 3 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course FST 10 taught by Professor Jack during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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