Chapter_2 - The Global and Cultural Contexts Dr. Grossman...

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The Global and Cultural Contexts Dr. Grossman Loyola University of Maryland
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Learning Objectives Understand the role culture can play in leadership Describe the three levels of culture Discuss the models of national culture Identify the impact of gender on leadership Address how organizations and leader can develop a cultural mindset
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Defining Elements of Culture Values shared by group members Set of norms, customs, values, and assumptions Guides behavior Makes a group unique Makes one group different from other groups
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Levels of Culture National Culture Group Culture Group Culture Group Culture Group Culture Group Culture Organizational Culture Organizational Culture Organizational Culture Organizational Culture
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Hall’s Cultural Context High Context Cultures Rely on environmental cues and context Subtle cues convey message Trust is more important than legal and formal contract Indirect communication Low Context Cultures Rely on explicit verbal and written messages Specific and clear words convey message Formal and legal contracts guide action Direct communication and specific instructions
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High and Low Context Cultures High Context Japanese Chinese Koreans African Americans Native Americans Arabs Greeks Latin cultures Italians English French European North Americans Scandinavians Germans Swiss Germans Low Context
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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Individualism-Collectivism Power distance Uncertainty avoidance Masculinity Time orientation
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Individualism-Collectivism In individualistic cultures: Individual is autonomous from the group Personal goals have priority over group goals Individual attitudes determine behavior Relationships are based on exchange Others are far and not part of self
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Individualism-Collectivism In collectivistic cultures
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Chapter_2 - The Global and Cultural Contexts Dr. Grossman...

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