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History 1378 - Zibah Lakhani United States History 1378...

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Zibah Lakhani United States History 1378 Final Exam Review 1. Discuss the contradictions between Woodrow Wilson’s idealism and his actual policies using the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations as examples. Idealism : claims that a state should make its internal political philosophy the goal of its foreign policy ∙ America attempted to balance a strong strain of semi- isolationism ∙ It wanted to help solve world problems but never intended on becoming involved with military actions ∙ Ironically, America passed the opportunity to be a part of the League of Nations and sign the Treaty of Versailles ∙ Both of which would have given America exactly what it desired, control without military involvement Treaty of Versailles (1919) ∙ It was one of the peace treaties at the end of WWI ∙ It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers ∙ It was negotiated primarily by the US, Britain, and France ∙ Germany was forced to accept blame for Allied loses and pay major reparations League of Nations ∙ An inter- governmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles ∙ The League’s goals included upholding the new found Rights of Man such as right of non whites, rights of women, rights of soldiers, disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiations, diplomacy and improving global quality of life ∙ US never joined the League of Nations because problems among Democrats and Rep 2. Explain the forces behind the Red Scare after World War I and note what impact it had on American politics and society. -Red Scare : After WWI Russia turned into a communist country which ignited fear in Americans that the whole world would eventually become communist -Xenophobia : A fear that foreigners will destroy the country -Mitchell Palmer : ∙ The Attorney General of the US from 1919 to 1921 ∙ Directed Palmer Raids- raids the bye US Department of Justice on suspected radical leftist citizens and immigrants ∙ Was neutral at first but after somebody planted a bomb in his house, he told Hoover to make a communist list - Race riots began in Chicago
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- Ellis Island: separated families because of the Red Scare 3. Discuss the nature and scope of Conservative politics in the l920’s and explain why it was so appealing to many Americans. - The 1920s was an era of change and prosperity - Women gained the right to vote in the 19 th amendment in 1920 - Anti- Immigration: set quotas on the number of immigrants from various countries (This was appealing to Americans because of the Red Scare) - African Americans were taking a step toward ending segregation 4. The Scopes trial has been characterized as a clash between fundamental old rural American culture and the new urban American culture. Discuss the issues of the Scopes trial in this light and given a brief assessment of its validity.
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