inr exam 2 prompts - 1 Evaluate the democratic peace...

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1. Evaluate the democratic peace theory. (page 124) Branches from simple model which states that democracies are more peaceful. Dyadic theory says that democracies go to war just as much as everyone else but they do not go to war with each other. Dyadic theory is more effective in explaining how the world works today, as democracies don’t really go to war with each other because they both know each side has promises to keep. They therefore negotiate towards a compromise and steer away from the extreme idea of going to war. Rational choice theory- democracies are successful at fighting wars so people are scared to fight them and that democratic politicians are vulnerable after going to war which makes them all hesitant to fight each other Dyadic model also explains that democracies do not go to war out of respect for each other which may explain why democracies and non-democracies go to war Real world evidence to back this theory up Critiques: Democracies still go to war and there are statistical fallacies. Definition of democracy has also changed over time. Post WWII all democracies united against Communism. Democracies do not always trust and respect each other (cold war: democracies intervening in south America to prevent autocracies and contain communism) 2. What evidence or argument best supports [or challenges] the democratic peace theory? Supports: Statistical evidence shows that democracies rarely go to war with each other. They respect each other and know that both sides have commitments to make to the people involved. Democracies are good at fighting wars and vulnerable if they lose so no one wants to make the other look bad Challenges: Democracies did not avoid war with each other
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because they were democracies. They avoided them because of other issues. Not many democracies in world before WWII so not a lot of evidence of democracies not going to war with each other. And when they were (Cold War), all the democracies were united together to stop Russia and communism. Just because they have not gone to war does not mean they ever will and it may be because they do not have a reason to go to war. 3. What are the policy implications of the democratic peace theory? If democracies are more peaceful towards each other then authoritarian governments are doomed to fail and it matters what type of government a country as (contradicts realism). Also provides rationale for democracies to go to war and change autocracies to democracies in order to build a more peaceful world. If everyone in the world was a democracy then there would be no war 4. Would foreign policy be more effective if public opinion played a larger role in formulating it? Page 133, 136 Not necessarily. Hard to always show if a change in foreign policy is directly caused by public opinion. A third factor such as an event could cause both public opinion and foreign policy to change. Or leaders can first decide to change policy and then public opinion. Sometimes leaders reject a policy because they
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inr exam 2 prompts - 1 Evaluate the democratic peace...

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