linguistics quiz 2

linguistics quiz 2 - Key Terms The quiz includes material...

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Key Terms 41, 55, 18, 16; the Aitcheson course pack reading; and the supplemental audio interview on linguistic relativity and the basic phonetics lesson (supplemental resources on Sakai). 1. Descriptivism vs. Prescriptivism- Descriptivism is how speakers actually speak a language. Prescriptivism is how they should speak it. 2. Sex vs. Gender- Sex is more biological. Pitch (fundamental frequency). Gender is identity 3. Accent / Dialect/Language- Inter-language: foreign accent. Speaker’s words go through native phonology and what comes out is their target language. Dialects are speech varieties that are mutually understood and are based on location or a socio- linguistic variety (heritage, sexual orientation). A language has an army behind it; a dialect doesn’t. A language is what we speak and a dialect is the variety spoken by a group usually thought of as inferior. Languages can be labeled dialects rather than languages for social or political reasons (ie Chinese). Can be socially or politically determined. Some rural areas are retaining their dialects to show a sense of identity. 4. Convergence vs. Divergence- Dialects of American English are diverging (mostly
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course LIN 2000 taught by Professor Wilson,a during the Summer '09 term at University of Florida.

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linguistics quiz 2 - Key Terms The quiz includes material...

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