Health Issues of Infants & Children group pp

Health Issues of - Health issues of infants children BY GROUP 15 Health problems in infancy Birth defects Definition a physical or biochemical

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BY: GROUP 15 Health issues of infants & children
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Health problems in infancy
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Birth defects Definition- a physical or biochemical defect that is present at birth and may be inherited or environmentally induced. Birth Defects are the leading cause of infants within their first year. Affect over 150,000 infants every year. Occur and develop before a baby is born and over 60 percent of causes are not known.
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birth defects: causes Can be caused by environmental factors: § Diseases a mother might encounter during pregnancy such as rubella or any serious illness. § Can e caused through consumption of harmful substances such as alcohol or drugs. Can be genetically caused:
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Heart Defects : v Babie Cleft Lip/Pal ate: Ø One of Structural birth defects A certain body part is missing or improperly formed .
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Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21) v Most common birth defect in the U.S. Occurs in 1 of ever 800 infants. v Estimated that 85% of infants with Down Syndrome die within the first year. v Caused by all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. v Effects can include mental retardation, hearing or thyroid problems, and developmental delay. Example s: Progeria v Fatal genetic disease that Functional birth defects Problem with how the body works and functions.
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Birth defect caused by alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy. One of the most common causes of mental retardation. Characteristics include small eyes, short nose, thin lips. Can cause growth deficiencies, poor motor skills, problems with learning, and many other things. One defect that is completely 100% preventable. Fetal alcohol syndrome
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§ Physical exams can reveal heart problems, such as a heart murmur § CT or MRI scans will shoe abnormal brain development § Pregnancy ultrasound will reveal the slow growth of the fetus Signs and tests for FAS
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A baby is born before reaching 37 weeks in the womb Birth of a baby before its organs can work on their own to allow the child to grow and develop normally Vaginal bleeding, heavy contractions before 37 weeks, and pain in the lower back or pelvic area are different signs of a premature birth Premature births
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§ Neurological problems § Cardiovascular complications § Respiratory problems and diseases, such as chronic lung diseases § Gastrointestinal and metabolic issues § Infection including sepsis, pneumonia, and UTI Common risks
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Colic: unexplained crying in a healthy and well fed newborn Fevers: not a disease, but a symptom that can accompany childhood illnesses ear infections: cause babies pain and are due to a build up of pressure in the ear Common colds and illnesses
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Common Illnesses in Infants and Children
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Common Cold (upper respiratory infection) § Inflammation in lining of nose throat and sinuses § Only treatment is symptomatic (viral) § Nasal congestion Respiratory Infections
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Croup § Deep, seal-like cough and varying degrees of breathing difficulty Bronchitis §
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course MBI 131 taught by Professor Deborahphillips during the Spring '07 term at Miami University.

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Health Issues of - Health issues of infants children BY GROUP 15 Health problems in infancy Birth defects Definition a physical or biochemical

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