Intro&History - Introduction to Community Health...

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Introduction to Community Health What is Community Health? 1. According to the McKenzie, Pinger, and Kotecki textbook community health is “the health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health” Infants, children, and adults can all be different communities Anything and everything that impacts the members of that communities health What do they eat How do they dress in correlation to the weather Constant change on what you can eat and the changing trends According to Reagan and Brookins-Fisher (authors of a previously used textbook), the work of community health involves the identification of health problems in a specific community followed by identification and implementation of solutions to these health problems The whole goal is to do something about the problems through prevention and treatment 2. Communities are defined as any group of people that share a common characteristic (Examples: Miami students, people over 65, pregnant women, children in a particular school, people who live in Butler County, Ohio, etc.) 3. Community Health is often referred to as Public Health although the textbook more specifically defines public health as “things that society does collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy” Public and community health can be used interchangeably 4. Bottom line is that community health is not the same as personal health although personal health activities contribute to community health and much of what must be done to “promote, protect, and preserve” the community’s health requires personal action Personal health is very private and revolves around the relationship with patient and doctor Community health ignores personal exceptions to the rules o Ex. Smoking and being overweight promotes bad health, even though Uncle Harry fell into both of these categories and lived to be 96 5. Community/Public Health is anchored by the scientific field of Epidemiology 6. A large number of governmental and private agencies are involved in delivery of Community/Public Health 7. The lead public health agency in the US is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC has its beginnings in malaria control and today is involved in virtually every aspect of human health During WWII it became very important to cure this disease CDC Mission as stated on their website “is to collaborate to create the expertise, information, and tools that people and communities need to protect their health – through health promotion, prevention of disease, injury and disability, and preparedness for new health threats”.
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course MBI 131 taught by Professor Deborahphillips during the Spring '07 term at Miami University.

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Intro&History - Introduction to Community Health...

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