Study Guide Chap 2

Study Guide Chap 2 - Study Guide: Exam I (PSY 294.TA Summer...

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Study Guide: Exam I (PSY 294.TA – Summer 11) Chapter 2 1) What factors (politics/culture/economics) impact how science and what science is performed (lecture) Science is a human activity as social knowledge Constitutive values – dictate what should be done o Wish for objectivity o The wish for ‘dispassionate reason Contextual values – dictate what is allowed o The wish for amorality Influence on culture o “Zeitgeist” – spirit of the times o Psycho-dynamic theory (Freud) popular due to its shocking (to Victorians) concepts o Ethnocentrism (Galtonians) – eugenics movement 1870-1930 o Anthropomorphism – humans at the top of the intelligence chain: used to justify animal research o Social Darwinism – used to justify discriminatory practices (slavery, separate but (un)equal 2) Be able to discuss the basic components of the APA code of ethics (text/lecture/CITI Fair treatment of participants o Consent v coerce o Invasiveness o Deceit (importance of debriefing)
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Study Guide Chap 2 - Study Guide: Exam I (PSY 294.TA Summer...

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