Exam 1 Notes - Multidisciplinary Cognitive:languagedevelopment, Emotionalandsocial:attachment P

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Intro to Human Development 13:29 What is human development? Subfield of psychology Devoted to studying constancy and change in the time of birth through death Multidisciplinary Domains of development Cognitive: language development, changes within the brain Emotional and social: attachment Physical: motors changing Periods of development Prenatal Greatest amount of change Infancy and childhood Birth until age 2 Major physical development and motor mile stones Parents and care givers are amazed with the change Attachment behaviors start to develop Language development Early childhood Age 2 until 6 Start to become more self controlled
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Motor behaviors become smoother More interest in other children Imaginations grow Thought and language expand significantly Middle childhood Age 6 until 12 (start of puberty) Major change in that the control of behavior changes from parent to child Much more time with peers Learn how to read Adolescence Age 12 until 18 Main part is searching for an identity: social, occupational, and sexual Major physical changes Abstract thoughts develop The basics Individual differences Heredity, culture, and social events Average children: simply average Development is orderly General to specific Developmental controversies
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Continuous or discontinuous (slope theory) Being able to predict future development based on what has happened so far Accident, trauma, or other heavy emotional event triggers a discontinuous development Multiple courses or same road map Nature or nurture Lifespan perspective Development is: Lifelong Multidimensional: cognitive, emotional, physical, social Multidirectional Plastic: modifiable change Influenced by multiple, interacting forces Theoretical backgrounds Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud Psychosexual theory: children move through stages with conflicts over what society  expects and what the individual desires Three parts of personality: id, ego, superego Psychosocial theory Erik Erickson First to think that development never stops
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Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory John Watson – little Albert B.F. Skinner – all observable behaviors are a result of positive or negative  reinforcements  Albert Bandura – Bobo doll experiment Cognitive development theory Jean Piaget (1960’s) Believed that children contrasted their thoughts about the world through their  interactions As experience expands, cognitive ability expands Modern Day Thoeries Information processing – continuous change in development Ethology – evolutionary psychology Vygotsky – childhood development Children gain information from interacting with other people Ecological systems theory There are a series of interactions that impact a child through a nested system There are different rings of influence
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course PSY 231 taught by Professor Limegrover during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Exam 1 Notes - Multidisciplinary Cognitive:languagedevelopment, Emotionalandsocial:attachment P

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