Exam 3 Notes - Physical& Ages612 PhysicalDevelopment...

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13:31 Ages 6-12 Physical Development Body growth Variation in body size 2-3 inches per year 5 pounds per year girls are slightly lighter and taller than boys, then switches at age 9 legs grow faster than upper body, kids appear to be long-legged secular trends in growth kids become bigger as generations go on causes: diet and medical care Skeletal growth Bones are still growing Ligaments aren’t attached so kids are extremely flexible All 20 of primary teeth are lost Chewing and speech can be affected by tooth growth Common health problems Kids get sicker more often The most powerful predictor of health status is a child’s socio-economic status Myopia (by age 12 ¼ kids) or near sited seeing
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Amount of ear infections decrease Malnutrition: slows down physical growth, lower IQs, and poor motor development Obesity: 20% more weight than what is typical in a child  becoming more and more of an issue 1/3 of North American children and adolescence are considered over weight 80% of these children will be overweight throughout life typically, over weight kids have over weight parents kids who get less than the average amount of sleep are more likely to be overweight Asthma: most common disease of school aged children and causes the most absences  from school and visits to the hospital Unintentional injury fatalities increase from middle childhood to adolescence Motor Development and Play Gross motor development: increases in flexibility, balance, agility, and force Printing: increase in organization and detail Differences in males and females Boys don’t spend as much time drawing as girls Girls’ fine motor skills develop quicker Organized games Kids understand the rules and they become extremely important Rule oriented games: helps children to see different perspective Rough and tumble play: considered to be evident in all mammals Decreases as we get older
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When age appropriate, useful to get rid of aggression Physical education 40% of girls and 50% of boys are getting an adequate amount of physical activity early physical activity results in later physical health Cognitive Development Concrete-operational stage (age 7-11) Mental operations: steps or procedures learned to carry out tasks Decentration: ability to not be fixated on the measurements Reversibility: reverse the steps of a problem to understand it Spatial reasoning: knowing the distance differences between maps and the actual place  its representing Information Processing Gains in inhibition and amount we can process Attention Production deficiency Control deficiency Effective strategy use
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Exam 3 Notes - Physical& Ages612 PhysicalDevelopment...

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