Appendicitis - Digestive System Appendicitis Acute...

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Digestive System Appendicitis * Acute appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. * It is one of the most common surgical emergencies seen. * It can occur at any age but is most common between the ages of 10 and 30 years old. Symptoms of Acute Appendicitis * Classically, the pain begins as a cramp in the central abdomen and * over time, moves to the right side. * Fever, chills, shivering, loss of appetite, vomiting and sometimes diarrhea may follow. * caused by an obstruction of the lumen (cavity) of the appendix. * The commonest cause is a faecolith (a small piece of stool). * On rare occasions, it can be caused by a tumour or swelling of the lymphoid tissue. * When obstructed, the pressure inside the appendix rises and cuts off blood supply. This leads to ulceration, bacterial infection and ultimately, gangrene and perforation of the appendix * Acute appendicitis may result in rupture of the appendix with subsequent abscess formation in the abdominal cavity or peritonitis (infection of the abdominal cavity).
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