GENERAL BOTANY Lecture 7

GENERAL BOTANY Lecture 7 - GENERAL BOTANY Lecture 7 - Cell...

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I. The cell A. Cells are fundamental organizational units of all living things B. Types of cells 1. Prokaryotic 2. Eukaryotic a) Plant b) Animal II. Protoplast A. Protoplasm within membrane / cell contents without the cell wall III. Organelles A. Cell wall 1. Plants 2. B. Nucleus 1. Genetic information - DNA 2. Cell regulation - "the brains" C. Chloroplasts 1. Plants 2. Photosynthesis a) Thylakoids - light capture b) Stroma - conversion to sugar 3. Contain some DNA D. Mitochondria 1. Energy from sugars 2. Contain some DNA E. Cytomembrane system 1. a) Golgi apparatus (dictyosomes) b) Endoplasmic reticulum c) Ribosomes F. Microbodies 1. Peroxisomes - photorespiration 2. Glyoxisomes - conversion of fats into sugars G. H. Ergastic materials 1. Starch grains - storage I. Vacuoles 1. Storage 2. Waste 3. Water regulation
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GENERAL BOTANY Lecture 7 - GENERAL BOTANY Lecture 7 - Cell...

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