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Unformatted text preview: wastes. These include urea, uric acid and creatinine. Urea results from the catabolism of proteins and amino acids. The removal of the NH 2 from amino acids forms ammonia which the liver converts to urea for removal by the kidneys. In contrast, uric acid is the byproduct of nucleic acid catabolism. Creatinine results from creatine phosphate catabolism. In addition to removal of wastes, the kidneys also regulate blood volume , osmolarity and pressure , produce hormones , and regulate the acid/base balance of the blood. Internal Anatomy The outer 1 cm of the kidney is the renal cortex while the inner portion is the renal medulla. The renal medulla is subdivided into pyramids and renal columns . A lobe of the kidney consists of a renal pyramid and its overlying cortex and contains the nephrons ....
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course BSC BSC1085 taught by Professor Sharonsimpson during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10