Vagina - lesser vestibular glands and a process known as...

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Vagina The vagina is a distensible muscular tube that allows for the discharge of menstrual fluid, the receipt of semen and the birth of baby. It also consists of three histological layers: an outer serosal layer, a middle muscular layer and an inner mucosal layer. Resident bacteria in the mucosal layer ferment glycogen and produce an acidic pH in the vaginal canal. This serves to prevent harmful pathogens from entering or colonizing the reproductive system. (See Figure 8) Figure 8 Vulva The vulva consists of the mons pubis , the labia majora , the labia minora , the erectile clitoris and vestibular bulbs . (See Figure 9).Lubrication during intercourse is provided by the greater and
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Unformatted text preview: lesser vestibular glands and a process known as transudation in the walls of the vagina. Figure 9 Breasts The breasts are necessary to nourish the infant. They overly the pectoralis major muscle and are attached to the underlying tissue via a set of ligaments known as Cooper's ligament. If a woman is lactating, the mammary glands produce milk under the direction of the hormone prolactin . The release of milk is stimulated by the suckling of the infant, which causes the release of oxytocin , a hormone that facilitates milk ejection....
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