Lecture 11 Language and Thought

Lecture 11 Language and Thought - Language: system of...

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Unformatted text preview: Language: system of symbols, sounds, meanings, and rules of combination that allow for communication among humans Benjamin Whorf: Linguistic relativity Ones language determines ones thoughts Structure of Language Phonemes: smallest units of sounds which can be distinguished; change in sound can alter meaning c at or b at Initial phonemes b it t or b a t Middle phonemes-Morphemes: smallest units of meaning in language; phrases made up of morphemes Semantics: the study of the meaning of words/combinations/sentences Ie. Amelia Bedilia- dress the chicken, draw the drapes Ie 2. The boy sawed the chair (he saw it). Bill sawed the chair (cutting the chair) Syntax: the structure of a language, underlying rules of order/function Gleason Study : language rules are generative. Took pictures and created random names for them. Shows a picture of a potato man and tells the child it is called a Wic. And the child will be asked to repeat it and he will say it is a Wic. Overregularizations : grammatical rules incorrectly generalized to exception cases (children sometimes say we goed to the store) Language Acquisition Device: (Chomsky) Humans possess an inborn language mechanism Hard-wired to sort input from 20-80 phonemes Lose by 12 months Ie. Janet Werkertrained babies to turn their heads when there was a change in two sounds (hindu sound between da and da). By 10 months, theyll turn their heads to ba and da, which are native to the language they speak. But, they will no longer turn their heads to da and da, because they are not part of their native language. Surface structure: particular words used Deep structure: notion of nouns, verbs, commands Chomsky believes languages differ only in surface structure Expressive (productive) Language: the ability to produce language Receptive Language: the ability to comprehend, process, and integrate the meaning of language Children usually have a > capacity for receptive language...
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Lecture 11 Language and Thought - Language: system of...

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