Lecture 9 Memory - Memory the capacity to retain and...

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Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information
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Flashbulb memories: dramatic positive or negative memory Memories for traumatic events are more vivid than ordinary events Main aspects of trauma remembered Can distort details Accuracy fades over time
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Cohort differences in flashbulb memories; personal recollections of 9/11 or Columbine
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How to measure memory Recall: ability to retrieve information which has been learned earlier Recognition: ability to identify previously encountered information Relearning : effort is saved in having learned something before
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Recall Task List the names of the eight reindeer that were Rudolph’s friends List the names of the “Seven Dwarfs” (Recall Test)
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Recognition Task: Which of the following are the 8 reindeer? which of the following list are the accurate names of the “Seven Dwarfs?”
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Correct List: The 8 reindeer: Dasher, Comet, Dancer, Cupid, Prancer, Donner, Vixen, Blitzen The Actual Seven Dwarfs:
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Models of Memory Information Processing Model: memory and mind are like a computer Encoding: how to put information in, retain, store, and retrieve Levels of Processing: different levels of processing impact encoding
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Shallow Processing: Intermediate Processing: Deep Processing:
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Three Box Model of Memory Sensory Memory Short Term Memory Long Term Memory
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Sensory Memory Retains for 1-2 seconds Acts as a holding bin ~1/2 second in visual subsystem ~longer in auditory system Decides if it is worth processing
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