Lecture 8 Learning - Learning Defined: Any relative...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Defined: Any relative permanent change in behavior that occurs because of experience. Conditioning: a kind of learning that involves associations between environmental stimuli and responses. Types of Conditioning Classical Conditioning: (Pavlov) The organism learns to associate two stimuli One produces a response that originally was only produced by the other Classic example of dog/bell and salivation Unconditioned Stimulus (US): elicits the unconditioned response (food) Ie. Air (if you puff air in the eye, everyone would blink) Ie 2 (dog get electric shock example): electric shock Ie 3: neutral stimulus was the rat. US was the loud noise. Unconditioned Response (UR): response which is automatically produced (salivate) Ie. The eye blinks Ie 2 (the dogs defensive reaction to the shock) Ie 3: Fear of the loud noise Conditioned Stimulus (CS): originally neutral stimulus that elicits a behavior after being paired with a US (bell) Ie. If over time, you ring the bell with the puff of air, the bell will become the CS Ie 2. The metronome Ie 3. Loud noise becomes the CS Conditioned Response (CR): response elicited by the conditioned stimulus (salivate to bell) Ie. Blink when the bell rings Ie 2. The defensive reaction to the metronome Ie 3. Fear to rat. Generalizationfear to other fury creates/things Extinction: repeat the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus over time and the conditioned response will disappear Ie. The US is the puff of air and the CS is the bell....
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Lecture 8 Learning - Learning Defined: Any relative...

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