Psychology Defined Lecture Notes

Psychology Defined Lecture Notes - Chapter One Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter One Psychology Defined The scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior Reflects the influences of: Biological Processes Individual Differences—ie. Wisdom teeth-pain level is different for every individual. Time and Culture—ie. MRI machines didn’t exist back then. 4 Goals of Psychology Describe how people and animals behave Understand and explain the causes of behavior Predict behaviors/reactions across situations Control behavior through understanding its causes and consequences A Sample of Psychological Perspectives Biological Perspective (Biopsychology) Understand the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain Electrical and chemical processes of neurons—ie. Part of the hypothalamus that controls your hunger desires. If that part is not there, you will starve to death. Localization of function Phineas Gage—patient who survived severe damage to the frontal lobe. After, his personality changed. How he acted was determined by specific areas of his brain. Psychodynamic Perspective Identified the role of unconscious forces which determine behavior. Personality determined by early life experiences Drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises (defense mechanisms, symptoms) Behaviorist Perspective Focus on observable behavioral responses The environmental impact on a person’s actions Classical Conditioning—ie. Pavlone--Ringing a bell and dogs start to drool, because they associate it with food. dogs start to drool, because they associate it with food....
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Psychology Defined Lecture Notes - Chapter One Psychology...

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