POL1101_PracticeExam2 - Matisoff POL1101 Practice Exam...

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Unformatted text preview: Matisoff POL1101 Practice Exam 2 1. How does party control of candidates differ between the U.S. and Europe? a) In the U.S., there is much stronger party control of candidates than in European parliamentary systems b) In the U.S. there is much weaker party control of candidates than in European parliamentary systems c) The party control of candidates is about the same, regardless of political system 2. Which of the following is NOT a role of the Republican and/or Democratic National Committee? a) to help coordinate the policy position and action across government & candidates b) to help recruit candidates to run for national office c) to select delegates to vote in National Convention d) to appoint representatives to Congress 3. Which of the following groups is less likely to consider itself a Democrat? a) b) c) d) African Americans Jews Young folks Middle aged white folks 4. The Supreme Court decision in Citizen United vs. the Federal Election Commission represents an example of which phenomenon: a) judicial review b) referendum c) veto d) initiative 5. The number of electors in the electoral college is equal to: a) the number of congressmen, plus three b) the number of senators c) the number of representatives d) the number of states 6. One of the paradoxes of the Congress is that Congress has extremely low approval ratings, yet individual Congressmen are usually re ­elected with high margins. What is the most likely reason for this? a) because Congressmen represent local interests while holding national office b) because serving on committees such as the Veteran’s affairs committee allows congressmen to deliver pork to their district c) because congressional districts are redrawn every election to allow incumbents to remain in office d) Because the president drags congressmen on his coattails 7. Valence issues are: a) b) c) d) issues where everyone has a similar opinion issues that divide the electorate issues that candidates completely ignore issues of high intensity 8. “Bundlers” in campaign finance refer to: a) b) c) d) individuals who organize & aggregate the donations of several individuals campaign mailers, soliciting campaign contributions political action committees 527s 9. Issue voters are most likely to make candidate decisions based on which issue: a) b) c) d) drinking water quality cap and trade regulation abortion policies unemployment 10. Which of the following describes the relationship between campaign finance and voting behavior: a) campaign finance has a huge impact on who gets elected b) campaign finance only reflects the existing popularity of a candidate, and has no impact on who gets elected c) campaign finance matters and provides a slight edge to the better funded candidate, but it generally doesn’t determine who wins an election d) he who has the most money always wins an election 11. Which of the following factors leads to an increase in the number and influence of interest groups in American Democracy? a) b) c) d) majoritarian politics in the United States the electoral college the pluralistic system with many points of access the few number of major religions in the U.S. 12. Staffs of interest groups: a) always represent the interests of the members b) can have a great influence on the direction of the interest group organization c) never represent the interest group membership 13. Interest groups are most likely to have the greatest impact on policy outcomes: a) b) c) d) in the final votes in major legislation in the committee and policy formulation process on high salience issues by determining who gets elected to office 14. Which of the following is an exclusive power of the House of Representatives: a) b) c) d) the power of advise and consent of presidential appointments the power to ratify treaties the power to appoint judges the power to impeach a federal official 15. If Senators prevent cloture on a bill, by talking a bill to death, this is known as: a) b) c) d) reconciliation an amendment a filibuster a motion 16. Which of the following describes the trend of filibusters over time: a) there are much fewer filibusters now than there ever have been b) the last two Congresses (110th, and 111th) have experienced a higher rate of filibusters than ever before c) filibusters were common in the 1950s and 1960s d) filibusters currently require Senators to hold up all business of Congress 17. Gerrymandering does NOT likely contribute to which of the following trends: a) b) c) d) Bi ­polarization of the House of Representatives Dilution of the minority party High rates of incumbency (incumbents win reelection) Increased bipartisanship in the House of Representatives 18. The current Senate Majority Leader is: a) b) c) d) John Boehner Nancy Pelosi Harry Reid Mitch McConnell 19. Standing Committees are: a) b) c) d) those that change depending on issues exist only in the House permanent bodies with clear legislative responsibilities committees that are composed of both members of the House & Senate 20. Which organization has the responsibility of auditing the government and making recommendations regarding improved government effectiveness and efficiency: a) b) c) d) Congressional Research Service General Accounting Office Office of Technology Assessment Congressional Budget Office 21. Which of the following historic trends (since the 1932 realignment of political parties) is most accurate: a) Democrats have generally controlled at least 1, if not both houses of Congress b) Republicans have generally controlled at least 1, if not both houses of Congress c) Democrats have generally controlled 1 house of Congress, but have rarely held both houses of Congress d) Republicans have generally controlled both houses of Congress until 2006 22. The Organizational theory of Congress suggests: a) b) c) d) that Congressmen vote based on views of similar colleagues that Congressmen vote based on clear ideological preferences that Congressmen vote based on policy preferences of constituents that Congressmen vote based on public opinion on high salience issues 23. Which of the following evidence supports the Attitudinal theory of Congress: a) that members of the House of Representatives often have ideology that is similar to constituents b) that there is high correlation between votes of Congress and Public Opinion on civil rights and social welfare bills c) that Senators rarely have attitudes that are similar to public opinion d) that Congressmen generally vote like other representatives in their home state 24. Overall, the polarization of public opinion of the American Presidency has: a) Increased over time b) Decreased over time c) Remained about the same over time d) Followed periods of polarization, followed by unison 25. One of the great powers of the president, not delegated in the Constitution, is the power: a) To grant pardons b) to be the Commander in Chief of the military c) To persuade the public d) To veto legislation 26. The Bully Pulpit describes which power of the Presidency? a) Veto Power b) Executive Orders c) Appointment Powers d) Power of Persuasion 27. Executive Privilege is the idea that: a) the President is not bound by law b) the President can appoint whom he wants to office during Congressional recess c) the President has the right to confidential and candid advice from advisors d) the President can veto laws 28. Which of the following makes American Bureaucracy unique? a) The United States is the only country with a bureaucracy b) The unity of the executive and legislative branch simplifies bureaucratic responsibility c) Federalism in the United States leads to a complicated division of responsibility between states & local agencies d) The United States has much less effective bureaucrats than other countries 29. The article on the Minerals Management Service, which described the movement of MMS workers into lobbying positions or into positions at the oil companies they regulated, describes which phenomenon? a) regulatory capture b) bureaucratic veto power c) issue networks d) the revolving door 30. The article on farm inspections by the FDA, leading to the uncovering of numerous safety violations by several of the largest egg producers in the U.S., helps relate which role of the federal bureaucracy? a) b) c) d) the service role – providing outreach and research transferring funds to state and local governments allocating subsidies to certain sectors of the economy regulation: establishing and enforcing rules of operation on sectors of the economy 31. Why has government employment shifted increasingly to the expected service from the competitive service? a) the competitive service proved inept at judging the ability of candidates b) the government desired to increase the ability to hire and fire at will c) the expected service helps government hire those with specialized skills and professionals d) the government has sought to increase the number of political hires 32. Charles Lindblom’s “The Science of Muddling Through”, describes bureaucratic behavior as: a) b) c) d) highly rational and calculated directed by clear values and goals complicated by incompatible goals and time constraints allowing for large & dramatic shifts of policy 33. The National Environmental Policy Act requires agencies to: a) give notice, solicit comments, and hold hearings before issuing a rule b) allow citizens to inspect many types of government records c) conduct environmental impact statements prior to major environmental action d) keep individual data confidential 34. Al Gore’s National Performance Review differed in contrast to previous efforts to reform the bureaucracy in that it recommended: a) increasing centralization in order to emphasize customer satisfaction, performance, and results b) decreasing centralization to cut down on red tape, paperwork, and focus government towards making government work, and away from avoiding scandal c) reduce the authority of individual bureaucrats to make decisions d) the government place legislative restrictions on the activities of bureau chiefs 35. During the first major time period of judicial decision ­making (1787 – 1865), exemplified by Marbury v. Madison and McCulloch v. Maryland the court was primarily concerned with: a) b) c) d) the balance of power between the branches of government limiting the power of the federal government establishing the preeminence of the federal government narrowing economic freedom and enlarging personal freedom 36. Post 1936, and after “The switch in time that saved nine”, which of the following describes the direction of the federal judiciary: a) the federal judiciary took major steps to limit the regulation of enterprise b) the federal judiciary turned its attention away from economic regulation and towards protecting personal and civil liberties c) the federal judiciary began to erode the federal sovereignty over the states d) the federal judiciary firmly established the right of the federal government to trespass on individual liberties 37. Aside from the facts of the case, and precedent, which of the following is the #1 factor explaining how judges behave: a) politics, as measured by the political party of the President that appointed the judge b) the region a Judge is located in c) public opinion regarding a case d) the quality of the judicial arguments 38. Why might judicial activism or overturning precedent be desirable? a) it can protect the rights of individuals from the tyranny of the state, and wisely deliver justice b) the courts are particularly well equipped to deal with complex policy matters c) the courts rule consistently and establish easily predictable and stable precedent d) the court are highly competent in political matters 39. Which is the most likely cause of judicial activism in the United States? a) The large number of lawyers in the United States drives an adversarial legal culture b) vaguely and ambiguously written legislation, constitutional provisions, and the regulatory process require significant interpretation of laws by the courts c) It is very difficult to gain standing in U.S. courts and to bring class ­action lawsuits d) Many American regulatory institutions facilitate a collaborative nature of governance between the federal government, corporations, and the people 40. The Post Office, the Tennessee Valley Authority, and Amtrak are examples of: a) b) c) d) government corporations independent agencies departments commissions 41. When government hires outside non ­profits and corporations to enact legislative or bureaucratic programs, this is known as: a) b) c) d) outsourcing performance goals deregulation labeling 42. What is the U.S. government position that represents interests of the U.S. government in Federal Court? a) b) c) d) the Attorney General the Deputy Attorney General the Solicitor General the Secretary of State 43. The philosophy that laws are often vague and that the Supreme Court should interpret the laws in order to adapt laws and regulations to today’s society is known as: a) b) c) d) judicial activism judicial restraint judicial superiority judicial inferiority 44. Which of the following describes public opinion and the Supreme Court? a) b) c) d) more often than not, the Supreme Court is aligned with public opinion the Supreme Court generally disregards public opinion the public generally has a highly unfavorable opinion of the court the public’s opinion of the court is generally divided by political view ...
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