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English 243 Introduction to Poetry: Terms, Definitions and Poems for October 21Mid-term TestPlease be familiar with all of the terms and definitions below and the examples associatedwith the forms and definitions in the following poems.You will also be responsible foridentifying the title and author of some of the following poems as well as discussingexcerpted significant passages.Poems“This World Is Not Conclusion,”(501) Emily Dickinson“The Names of the Hare,” Anonymous, translated by Seamus Heaney“b o d y,” James Merrill“What Do Women Want?” Kim Addonizio“Fun,” Wyn Cooper“All I Wanna Do,” Sheryl Crow“To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time,” Robert Herrick“To His Coy Mistress,” Andrew Marvell“Richard Cory,” Edwin Arlington Robinson“Richard Cory,” Simon and Garfunkel (Lyrics by Paul Simon)“Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,” Dylan Thomas“Miscegenation,” “Graveyard Blues,” and “Incident,” Natasha TretheweyTermsWith apologies to theWebster’sandAmerican Heritagedictionaries,ThePrincetonEncyclopedia of Poetry and PoeticsandThe Longman Dictionary of Poetic Termsforborrowing phrases and concepts.The terms and definitions you’ve learned since the September 24 test are listedimmediately below.Please be sure to reacquaint yourself with the terms you learned forthe first test.You’re responsible for them as well.You’ll see that they follow the newerterms.I.Anaphora: from Greek “carrying back”: A rhetorical device in which successivelines, phrases, clauses, or sentences begin with the same word or phrase.Apostrophe: from Greek “turning away”: A rhetorical device in which a speaker orwriter addresses an absent person, an abstraction, or inanimate object.Carpe Diem: from Latin “pluck the day”: A phrase that comes from the Latin poetHorace and is commonly translated as “seize the day.”A convention ofpoetrythat exhorts someone to live as fully in the present moment aspossible.Frequentlyused as a seduction strategy to urge a woman to giveinto her desires before shegrows too old.1
Chorus: from Greek “dancing”: A stanza of a song that is repeated. Originates in Greekdrama as a single or collective voice that intrudes on the action of theplay toprovide commentary of some kindConsonance: The repetition of consonant soundsCurse: A prayer or invocation for harm or injury to come to someoneGhazal: from Arabic, “talk about love” or perhaps “the cry of a gazelle when it is