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English 243 Final Exam Study Guide 2011 (REVISED)

English 243 Final Exam Study Guide 2011 (REVISED) - ENGLISH...

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ENGLISH 243 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE, 2011 All of the terms below should be familiar to you already. Please note that not all of them will be on the final exam. One way, but not the only way , for you to review the material is to look over the two previous exams. PART I With apologies to Webster’s Dictionary , The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics and The Longman Dictionary of Poetic Terms for borrowing phrases and concepts.) Alliteration: Most often thought of as pattern of repeated initial consonant sounds Allusion (literary allusion): A reference in a literary work to another literary work, figure of speech, character, or place Anaphora : from Greek “carrying back”: A rhetorical device in which successive lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences begin with the same word or phrase Anthem : A song or hymn of praise or gladness Aphorism : A terse or concise formulation of a truth Apostrophe : from Greek “turning away”: A rhetorical device in which a speaker or writer addresses an absent person, an abstraction, or inanimate object Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds Avant Garde : A group that develops new or experimental concepts in the arts Ballad : from Latin “dance”: a short narrative song Ballad Stanza : A quatrain in which the odd lines have 4 stresses, the even lines 3, and rhymes ABCB or ABAB Caesura : from Latin, “cutting or metrical pause”: A pause or break within a line of poetry, occurring near the beginning, middle, or end of the line. Usually signaled by a punctuation mark Carpe Diem : from Latin “pluck the day”: A phrase that comes from the Latin poet Horace and is commonly translated as “seize the day.” A convention of poetry that exhorts someone to live as fully in the present moment as possible. Frequently used as a seduction strategy to urge a woman to give into her desires before she grows too old Chiasmus : from Greek, “placing crosswise”: a repetition of words or phrases in inverted order Chorus : from Greek “dancing”: A stanza of a song that is repeated. Originates in Greek drama as a single or collective voice that intrudes on the action of the play to provide commentary of some kind Common Meter : Also called Common Measure. The meter of the ballad stanza
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Conceit : A trope that conveys a striking or elaborate or extended metaphor Connotation : The associative, metaphoric, or symbolic meaning of a word or image Consonance : The repetition of consonant sounds Convention : An established technique, style, or device that is commonly agreed upon. Use of the sonnet as a love poem is a convention as is the fact that sonnets contain 14 lines and the love represented is unrequited Curse : A prayer or invocation for harm or injury to come to someone Denotation : The literal meaning of a word or image Diction : Word choice and arrangement, i.e.: abstract, concrete, colloquial, formal common, technical, slang, figurative, Latinate, Anglo Saxon
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English 243 Final Exam Study Guide 2011 (REVISED) - ENGLISH...

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