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Unformatted text preview: IAFF 3188.10 U NITED S TATES F OREIGN P OLICY IN THE P ERSIAN G ULF S PRING 2012 Professor: Ambassador Edward “Skip” Gnehm Email: [email protected] Phone: 202-994-0155 Office Hours: Tuesdays & Thursdays 3:00-5:00 PM (and by appointment) 1957 E Street, N.W., Suite 512 (Office 512K) Assistant: Joshua Haber Email: [email protected] Course Meets: Tuesdays and Thursdays 9:35 – 10:50 a.m. Location: 1957 E Street, Room 111 COURSE DESCRIPTION On March 19, 2003, forces of the United States and coalition countries opened military action against Iraq. Forty-three days later President Bush declared victory—the end of Saddam Hussein's regime. The coalition's war with Iraq was neither the beginning nor the end of U.S. engagement in the Gulf—a strategic body of water whose very name is under dispute. This course focuses on the evolution of United States policy in the Gulf from the end of World War II to present, examining both its causes and effects. The Cold War, Arab nationalism, Islam, oil, and regional rivalries will be looked at as factors impacting U.S. decision-making and actions. The U.S. presence in the Gulf—both diplomatic and military—spans the administrations of thirteen presidents. U.S. policy objectives during these decades have been remarkably consistent. Yet, there has been a steady increase in the level of U.S. engagement, such as the extraordinary decision in 1987 to re-flag Kuwaiti oil tankers under the American flag and, as a consequence, to provide U.S. naval escorts. Within two years and following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, the United States found itself leading an international coalition to liberate Kuwait. Barely a decade later, a second war with Iraq again witnessed a significant deployment of America's military strength into the Gulf. Between 1945 and today there have been significant changes in the United States' relationship with many of the regional states. Iran of the Shah was an ally; the Islamic Republic of Iran an adversary. The relationship with Iraq was a roller coaster—first a CENTO ally, years of no diplomacy, then American support during the Iraq-Iran War, to increasing estrangement and two wars. Saudi Arabia was second to none as a lynchpin of American policy in the Gulf, a long- time ally with common strategic interests but significant social and cultural differences. The other states in the Gulf became independent nations during this period. All have had unique but evolving and deepening relations with the United States. A study of this period of history aims to provide a basis for understanding where U.S. policy may go in the future. 1 U.S. Foreign Policy in the Persian Gulf Page 2 In addition to the course reading material, I will draw extensively on my personal experiences as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense and State, my assignments as Ambassador to Kuwait during the first Gulf war and as Ambassador to Jordan during the war with Iraq, as well as my work at the United Nations as Deputy Permanent Representative in the 1990's working on Iraqi...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course PERS 2001 taught by Professor Naderbolouri during the Fall '11 term at GWU.
- Fall '11