PSCFirstPaperFinal - Name Gregory Arnold Section PSC...

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Name: Gregory Arnold Section: PSC 001/70562 TR 11:10-12:00 TA Name: Daniel Nerenberg Date: 9/30/2010 The Spirit of Atlas: An Essay in Support of State Strength
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A dilemma has occurred amongst the states of the 21 st century world. As organizations such as the United Nations exist to protect established international borders, and globalization moves markets and economic institutions closer and closer together, states are left with how to model their internal structures. As the Cold War ended, dozens of new states with disrupted systems of governance and many questions how to accurately reform, these nations are left with two real options: whether to choose the strength of a government with limited powers over society, or a government with a wide scope of activities influencing society. And while no pure system of either can be completely successful, and the studies of intellectuals such as Fukuyama and Gerschenkron show that at separate stages of a state’s development, different levels of government involvement in the processes of the state must be utilized, ultimately a strong state is far more favorable than a state that aims for a large scope. Extremist versions of state power, or the lack thereof, commonly have dire effects. The 20 th century saw the discrediting of the totalitarian state, as the failure of fascism during World War II, communism during the Cold War, and various authoritarian regimes in the years since have proven. 1 As a result, the idea that a state can exist in an Orwellian sense, as all-seeing and all-controlling, while still providing basic services to its citizenry, is implausible, if not impossible. This is detailed in the fact that two of the world’s most totalitarian states, North Korea and Eritrea, are in the top 30 states in the Failed States Index 2 , proving that too much government is only marginally better than no functioning government at all. These states, and 1 Fukuyama, Francis. (April 2004). The Imperative of State-Building. Journal of Democracy , 15. Retrieved from
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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PSCFirstPaperFinal - Name Gregory Arnold Section PSC...

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