PSCSecondPaper - Name Gregory Arnold Section PSC 001/70562...

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Name: Gregory Arnold Section: PSC 001/70562 TR 11:10-12:00 TA Name: Daniel Nerenberg Date: 11/19/2010 And All the World on Pillars of Gold
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th century saw the rise of revolutionary governments that sought to bring their states into the loving ideological bosom of communism. The two largest, and most prominent, of these were the USSR and the People’s Republic of China, and together these states comprised an ideological bloc that threatened regimes the world over. Yet the last 40 years saw these two states travel separate economic and ultimately political paths. The USSR splintered into fifteen, impoverished and socially worn states (including Russia), none of whom continued to follow the communist system either politically or economically. 1 China, on the other hand, ascended to become today’s second-largest economy, practicing what the government there defines as ‘socialist market economy’, a system whereby the state supports capitalism for its own financial well-being, while maintaining authoritarian political control. 2 Today, both Russia and China have sought to develop themselves and make up for centuries of backwardness, albeit using separate methods to reach that end goal. However, the creation of a successful plan of economic development has led to systems where the vast majority of the populace is content to lose their civil liberties, so long as their economic liberties are protected. Both China and Russia’s transition periods were potentially unstable and dangerous times. In China, Deng Xiaoping, a reformer, seized effective control of the government. 3 China under Deng would remove the typical communist command system and the associated welfare, the “iron rice bowl” 4 , and instead modernize, starting by creating special economic zones, or regions that were designed to encourage foreign investment in China.
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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PSCSecondPaper - Name Gregory Arnold Section PSC 001/70562...

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