Lecture 3-10-08

Lecture 3-10-08 - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND...

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INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 1. International Organizations remained marginal in the International System until recently, but among earlier examples are: Proliferation of International Organizations, esp. in Post WWII Governmental Non-Governmental 1870 7 --- 1909 37 178 1960 154 1,255 1972 280 2,173 1981 337 4,265 1991 297 4,620 2000/03 --- (estimated) 10,000-30,000 2. CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: Membership Scope : IGO's vs. NGO's. 1945 1991 IGO 123 286 NGO 795 4696 (now est. over 50,000 in 133 countries
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Historically, the appearance of international NGOs indicated the increasing need in the world (mainly European theatre) for associations and conferences promoting cooperation: Increasing role of MNCs in the global economy The creation of a Human Rights Council by the United Nations in March 2006 reflects the necessity for such a Council because of prominence of HR issues. OR, does it? Geographic Scope Geographical scope - regional vs. global. Africa, Asia and L. America - less Examples of NATO & OPEC indicate the political nature of some of the IGO's Functional Scope Multipurpose (Political, Economic, Social): United Nations, Organization of American States (OAS), Org. of African Unity (OAU) Limited Purpose : NATO (Military), ECC (Economic), UNESCO (Social Cultural), WHO, FAO
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Some do not fall neatly into either IGO's or NGO's Int'l. Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) both gov'ts. and private organs involved. Int'l. Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) as police agencies, yet it's members belong to governmental bodies. Sometimes the line between public not clear. European Broadcasting Union - East bloc v. West bloc Int'l. Air Transport Association - Gov't owned v. Private Even in terms of functions , sometimes it's hard to draw the line. NATO for example also engages in economic, scientific areas. Also EEC . 3. Effectiveness of IOs: High vs. Low Politics In terms of organizational set up, some IGO's approach a supranational decision-making model Participation in IOs has a socialization effect Even in “low politics” IGOs distinction b/w political/non- political becomes hard David Mitrany on Functionalism and cooperation The basic principle maintains that international cooperation (not only economical) is the best means of softening antagonism in the international environment.
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The partially integrated states then experience increasing momentum for further rounds of integration in related areas
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 331 taught by Professor Abootalebi during the Spring '08 term at Wisc Eau Claire.

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Lecture 3-10-08 - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND...

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