Copy of Introduction to ASD

Copy of Introduction to ASD - Positive Behavioral...

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Positive Behavioral Strategies for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders Andrew L. Egel, Ph.D.
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Kanner’s Definition of Autism Extreme autistic aloneness from early on that  ignores or shuts out all exteroceptive stimuli Language  abnormalities Lack of an anticipatory response when picked  up An anxiously obsessive desire for the  maintenance of sameness Good cognitive potential Essentially normal physical development Highly intelligent, obsessive, and cold parents
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IDEA Definition of Autism According to IDEA, autism means: a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and  nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally  evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child’s  performance.  Other characteristics often associated with  autism are engagement in repetitive activities and  stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental  change or change in daily routines, and unusual  responses to sensory experiences.  The term does not  apply if a child’s educational performance is adversely  affected primarily because the child has a serious  emotional disturbance (34 C.F.R. section 300.7 [b] [1]  [1992]
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DSM-IVR Diagnostic Criteria for  Autistic Disorder A total of six (or more) items from  (A), (B), and (C), with at least two  from (A), and one each from (B) and  (C) (1) qualitative impairment in social         interaction, as manifested by at        least two of the following:       (a) marked impairments in the             use of multiple nonverbal         behaviors such as eye-to-eye         gaze, facial expression, body         posture, and gestures to         regulate social interaction (c)  a lack of spontaneous  seeking to share enjoyment,  interests, or achievements with  other people, (e.g., by a lack of  showing, bringing, or pointing out  objects of interest to other people)    (d) lack of social or emotional  reciprocity (e.g., not actively  participating in simple social play  or games, preferring solitary  activities, or involving others in  activities only as tools or  "mechanical" aids )
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DSM-IVR Diagnostic Criteria for  Autistic Disorder con’t ( 2) qualitative impairments in communication as manifested by at least one of  the following:      (a)  delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken           language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through  alternative modes of communication such as gesture or mime).
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