Family Systems Theory

Family Systems Theory - Initial Impact Initial Impact Shock...

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Unformatted text preview: Initial Impact Initial Impact Shock – Feelings of anxiety, numbness, confusion, anger, etc. – Affected by support available and nature and severity of disability. Realization – Anxious, fearful about ability to cope with demands – Begin to understand actual demands and constraints Defensive retreat – Attempt to avoid dealing with reality of child’s disability – May leave for a short period of time Acknowledgement – Parents mobilize strengths to help w/ child. – Better able to comprehend child’s needs – Begins to accept the child with a disability Five Factors that Influence a Family’s Five Factors that Influence a Family’s Response The emotional stability of each family member. Religious values and beliefs Socioeconomic status The severity of the disability The type of disability Effects on Family Stress Effects on Family Stress A decrease in the amount of time available for spousal activities Heavy financial burdens Fatigue Four Variables that Influence Mother/Child Four Variables that Influence Mother/Child Relationship Mother may not be able to feed baby or do typical caregiving activities. Difficulty with bonding if little social or physical interaction Absence of direction in how to become involved with child. Mother may become estranged. Lowered expectations of the mother about her child interferes with development of relationship How Fathers may Respond to Child with a How Fathers may Respond to Child with a Disability More likely to internalize their feelings compared to mothers May respond differentially to sons v. daughters May resent the time their wives spend caring for child with a disability Family Systems Theory Family Systems Theory Family resources – Characteristics of exceptionality Type and extent of disability – Characteristics of family (# of parents/sibs, cultural background, SES, etc.). – Personal characteristics Health & coping styles of each member – Special Challenges Poverty, substance abuse, child abuse Assumption: each family is unique and that influences how it copes w/ child’s disability. Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family functions­ – – – – – – Economics Daily care/health Recreation Socialization Affection Education/vocation Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family interaction­refers to the cohesion & adaptability of the family – Relationships that occur w/in the family system Parental, siblings, martial, extended family, etc Needs of individual family members compete with each other for time and resources Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family Systems Theory, con’t. Family life cycle­sequence of developmental stages and transitions between stages – Structural changes (divorce, birth, death, etc.) – Functional changes General view is that all families differ in their response to individual and family needs. One must take into account the unique needs of the family and the need to individualize family intervention. Figure, p. 130 Fig. 6­1, p. 143 ...
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