HLTH106_Opiods

HLTH106_Opiods - 1 million Americans may be addicted to...

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Opioids are natural or synthetic substances that dull pain and relieve anxiety that comes from thinking about pain People abuse opioids because they provide a feeling of euphoria
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Constricted pupils Flushing of the skin Heavy feeling in the limbs The rush is followed by a confused, drowsy feeling that lasts several hours Breathing and heart rate slow during this period
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Occurs when someone who is dependent or addicted stops taking opioids suddenly Withdrawal symptoms: Severe muscle and bone pain Trouble sleeping Diarrhea Vomiting Cold flashes.
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Codeine Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet) Hydrocodone (Vicodin) Meperidine (Demerol) Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
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Oxycodone is timed-release medicine for cancer and back pain People forge prescriptions and rob pharmacies to obtain oxycodone illegally People abuse oxycodone by crushing the tablet and swallowing or snorting it or dissolving it in water and injecting it
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Unformatted text preview: 1 million Americans may be addicted to heroin Among people younger than 26, heroin is linked to more deaths than any other substance except alcohol Smoking or snorting heroin can lead to addiction, just as injecting heroin does The need to purchase and use heroin causes people to ignore other aspects of their lives, like family and loved ones, finances, and legal concerns. This neglect can lead to weight loss, sickness, money problems, criminal activity, and housing and family problems. Overdose is a persistent danger with heroin Injection drug use is linked to one-third of HIV cases and more than one-half of hepatitis C cases Used medically as a maintenance anti-addictive for use in patients with opioid dependency Used in managing severe chronic pain because of its long duration of action, powerful effects, and low cost How do methadone maintenance clinics work? Benefits? Limitations?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course HLTH 160 taught by Professor A.bayley during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.

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HLTH106_Opiods - 1 million Americans may be addicted to...

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