Unformatted text preview: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Department of Aeronautics and
Astronautics
Cambridge, MA 02139 16.01/16.02 Unified Engineering I, II
Fall 2003 Problem Set 13 Time Spent
(min)
F16 Name: F17
Due Date: 12/2/03 M17
M18
Study
Time Announcements: Fall 2003 Uniﬁed Engineering
Fluids Problems F16–F17 F16. �1 (x, y ) and �2 (x, y ) are known to be physicallypossible ﬂows (i.e. satisfy mass con
servation), and their corresponding pressure ﬁelds p1 (x, y ) and p2 (x, y ) are known via the
Bernoulli equation.
a) A third ﬂow is now deﬁned by �3 (x, y ) = �1 + �2 . Explain how you would obtain its
corresponding pressure ﬁeld p3 .
b) Yet another ﬂow �4 = � �1 /�x is deﬁned. Is this a physicallypossible ﬂow?
F17. A vortex ﬂow is given by
u1 (x, y ) = x2 y
+ y2 v1 (x, y ) = −x
+ y2 x2 A uniform ﬂow in the xdirection is given by
u2 (x, y ) = V� v2 (x, y ) = 0 Superimpose these two ﬂows, determine the pressure ﬁeld, and ﬁnd the x, y location of the
p oint of maximum pressure. Unified Engineering I Problem M17
In question M16. You had a state of strain: Fall 2003 Given a state of plane strain: e11 = 0.000200, e22 = +0.000400, e12 = 0.000200, do the
following:
a) If a strain gauge rosette, with three gauges at 60° to each other was placed with
one of the gauges orientated along the x1 direction. What strains would the
three gauges read? b) By representing the strains as a matrix calculate the principal strains and
principal directions via the eigenvalue and eigenvectors of the matrix. Show
that this is consistent with the values you calculated in M16. c) If the state of strain was no longer plane strain, and was now e11 = 0.000200, e22
= +0.000400, e12 = 0.000200, e33 = 0.000300, e23 = 0, e123 = 0. What would the
principal strains now be? Problem M18
Read Ashby and Jones Chapters 4, 5 and 6. Answer the following short questions
(each answer should be one or two sentences only, the important task is the
reading, the questions are to focus your attention): i) What are the two principal factors that contribute to the Young’s modulus of a
homogeneous material? ii) What is the glass transition temperature of a polymer and what is the
underlying cause for this? iii) Why do metals tend to have higher densities than ceramics or polymers? iv) What is the relationship between the force exerted by an interatomic bond as a
function of separation of the atoms and the potential energy associated with the
same separation of the atoms? ...
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Full Document
 Fall '05
 MarkDrela
 Aeronautics, Astronautics, Plane Strain, Glass transition, principal strains, strAin gauge rosette, corresponding pressure ﬁelds

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