p288_02_w11 - PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011 Lecture 2...

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PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011 Lecture 2 Musical Notation Scales and Intervals
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A Note on Your Homework • Homework #1 is due this Wednesday • Don’t lose points! Make it easy for the grader to understand what you have to say – Explain the logic behind your solution (clear and simple explanations are the best) – Write your solution neatly – If possible, put a box around your answer
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What is your science background? A. High school general science B. High school physics C. College physics (Physics 125, 135, 140, etc) D. Beyond introductory college physics
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Do you play a musical instrument? A. Keyboard (piano, harpsichord, etc) B. Strings (guitar, violin, etc) C. Winds (brass, reeds, flute, etc) D. Other (percussion, voice, etc) E. None Sorry about the limited choices, but we only have 5 buttons!
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How to Read Sheet Music • Let’s have a look
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Do you recognize this? A. Yes B. No C. Maybe How to Read Sheet Music • Let’s have a look Symphony No. 5 in C minor By Ludwig van Beethoven A Fifth of Beethoven, Walter Murphy
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Musical Notation • The piano keyboard • C major scale – do re mi fa so la ti do • Represent different pitches by placing notes on a staff Middle C Concert A treble clef
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Musical Notation • The piano keyboard • C major scale – do re mi fa so la ti do • Represent different pitches by placing notes on a staff Middle C bass clef
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The Black Keys • The modern chromatic scale is a 12-tone scale • The A major scale F-sharp and G-flat Key signature: these notes are always sharp unless noted
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The Labeling of Octaves • Sometimes we need to specify pitches without writing out a staff • The lowest key on the piano is A 0 , and the highest is C 8 Middle C C 3 . . . C 6 . . . C 4 D 4 E 4 F 4 G 4 A 4 B 4 C 5 octave 5 octave 4 octave 3 Scientific pitch notation
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Timing and Tempo • Musical notation specifies both pitch and time • The basic unit is one beat • Time signature: specifies beats/measure and what note gets one beat • Measure: arranges beats into groups Time Pitch quarter note = 1 beat half note = 2 beats “common time” or 4/4 one measure
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Duration Note Rest Name 4 beats whole note 2 beats half note 1 beat quarter note 1/2 beat eighth note 1/4 beat sixteenth note 1/8 beat 1/32 note Duration of Notes
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Time Signatures • Standard time signatures 4 / 4 or Four beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 3 / 4 Three beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 2 / 4 Two beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 6 / 8 Six beats per measure Eighth note = 1 beat How many beats in a measure Which note gets one beat
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What time signature? • Name this tune
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p288_02_w11 - PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011 Lecture 2...

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