p288_02_w11_nq - PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011...

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Unformatted text preview: PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011 Lecture 2 Musical Notation Scales and Intervals A Note on Your Homework Homework #1 is due this Wednesday Dont lose points! Make it easy for the grader to understand what you have to say Explain the logic behind your solution (clear and simple explanations are the best) Write your solution neatly If possible, put a box around your answer How to Read Sheet Music Lets have a look Musical Notation The piano keyboard C major scale do re mi fa so la ti do Represent different pitches by placing notes on a staff Middle C Concert A treble clef Musical Notation The piano keyboard C major scale do re mi fa so la ti do Represent different pitches by placing notes on a staff Middle C bass clef The Black Keys The modern chromatic scale is a 12-tone scale The A major scale F-sharp and G-flat Key signature: these notes are always sharp unless noted The Labeling of Octaves Sometimes we need to specify pitches without writing out a staff The lowest key on the piano is A , and the highest is C 8 Middle C C 3 . . . C 6 . . . C 4 D 4 E 4 F 4 G 4 A 4 B 4 C 5 octave 5 octave 4 octave 3 Scientific pitch notation Timing and Tempo Musical notation specifies both pitch and time The basic unit is one beat Time signature: specifies beats/measure and what note gets one beat Measure: arranges beats into groups Time Pitch quarter note = 1 beat half note = 2 beats common time or 4/4 one measure Duration Note Rest Name 4 beats whole note 2 beats half note 1 beat quarter note 1/2 beat eighth note 1/4 beat sixteenth note 1/8 beat 1/32 note Duration of Notes Time Signatures Standard time signatures 4 / 4 or Four beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 3 / 4 Three beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 2 / 4 Two beats per measure Quarter note = 1 beat 6 / 8 Six beats per measure Eighth note = 1 beat How many beats in a measure Which note gets one beat Tempo Tempo is measured in beats per minute (BPM) 60 BPM = 1 beat per second or 1 second between beats 120 BPM = 2 beats per second or 0.5 seconds between beats Beats per second = Beats per minute 60 Seconds between beats = 1 Beats per second = 60 Beats per minute Tempo Beats per minute Largo 40 60 Adagio 66 76 Andante 76 108 Moderato 108 120 Allegro 120 168 Presto 168 200 Third problem on HW #1 A typical beat is about 1 second...
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p288_02_w11_nq - PAT 102/Physics 288/489 Winter 2011...

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